Silent Letter Words

The silent letter words list consists of those spellings which have one or multiple silent letters in them. Although the spelling itself has the letter(s) in it, you are not supposed to pronounce them. Hence, this silent letter words list is one of the most difficult spelling bee words list you will come across.

silent letters words

Silent letter words are dangerous because there is no way to guess the spelling through the pronunciation of the word. As you hear a listen to the word, you are likely to get confused with the spelling since entire letters go missing in the actual pronunciation of the word.

Having said all that, these killer words happen to be spelling bee favorites as they are some of the most difficult words that spelling bee participants have to come across. Hence, it is of utmost importance that you practice these words carefully and if necessary, repeat them many times through the Spelling Bee Ninja Test App and Smart Trainer.
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Silent Letters Spelling List
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Silent Letter Words

Abscend To cut off.
Abscess A collection of pus or purulent matter in any tissue or organ of the body, the result of a morbid process.
Ache A name given to several species of plants; as, smallage, wild celery, parsley. – Continued pain, as distinguished from sudden twinges, or spasmodic pain. “Such an ache in my bones.” – To suffer pain; to have, or be in, pain, or in continued pain; to be distressed.
Age The whole duration of a being, whether animal, vegetable, or other kind; lifetime. – That part of the duration of a being or a thing which is between its beginning and any given time; as, what is the present age of a man, or of the earth? – The latter part of life; an advanced period of life; seniority; state of being old. – One of the stages of life; as, the age of infancy, of youth, etc. – Mature age; especially, the time of life at which one attains full personal rights and capacities; as, to come of age; he (or she) is of age. – The time of life at which some particular power or capacity is understood to become vested; as, the age of consent; the age of discretion. – A particular period of time in history, as distinguished from others; as, the golden age, the age of Pericles. – A great period in the history of the Earth. – A century; the period of one hundred years. – The people who live at a particular period; hence, a generation. – A long time. – To grow aged; to become old; to show marks of age; as, he grew fat as he aged. – To cause to grow old; to impart the characteristics of age to; as, grief ages us.
Aisle A lateral division of a building, separated from the middle part, called the nave, by a row of columns or piers, which support the roof or an upper wall containing windows, called the clearstory wall. – Improperly used also for the have; — as in the phrases, a church with three aisles, the middle aisle. – Also (perhaps from confusion with alley), a passage into which the pews of a church open.
Align To adjust or form to a line; to range or form in line; to bring into line; to aline. – To form in line; to fall into line.
Almond The fruit of the almond tree. – The tree that bears the fruit; almond tree. – Anything shaped like an almond. – One of the tonsils.
Anchor A iron instrument which is attached to a ship by a cable (rope or chain), and which, being cast overboard, lays hold of the earth by a fluke or hook and thus retains the ship in a particular station. – Any instrument or contrivance serving a purpose like that of a ship’s anchor, as an arrangement of timber to hold a dam fast; a contrivance to hold the end of a bridge cable, or other similar part; a contrivance used by founders to hold the core of a mold in place. – Fig.: That which gives stability or security; that on which we place dependence for safety. – An emblem of hope. – A metal tie holding adjoining parts of a building together. – Carved work, somewhat resembling an anchor or arrowhead; — a part of the ornaments of certain moldings. It is seen in the echinus, or egg-and-anchor (called also egg-and-dart, egg-and-tongue) ornament. – One of the anchor-shaped spicules of certain sponges; also, one of the calcareous spinules of certain Holothurians, as in species of Synapta. – To place at anchor; to secure by an anchor; as, to anchor a ship. – To fix or fasten; to fix in a stable condition; as, to anchor the cables of a suspension bridge. – To cast anchor; to come to anchor; as, our ship (or the captain) anchored in the stream. – To stop; to fix or rest. – An anchoret.
Answer To speak in defense against; to reply to in defense; as, to answer a charge; to answer an accusation. – To speak or write in return to, as in return to a call or question, or to a speech, declaration, argument, or the like; to reply to (a question, remark, etc.); to respond to. – To respond to satisfactorily; to meet successfully by way of explanation, argument, or justification, and the like; to refute. – To be or act in return or response to. – To be or act in compliance with, in fulfillment or satisfaction of, as an order, obligation, demand; as, he answered my claim upon him; the servant answered the bell. – To render account to or for. – To atone; to be punished for. – To be opposite to; to face. – To be or act an equivalent to, or as adequate or sufficient for; to serve for; to repay. – To be or act in accommodation, conformity, relation, or proportion to; to correspond to; to suit. – To speak or write by way of return (originally, to a charge), or in reply; to make response. – To make a satisfactory response or return. – To render account, or to be responsible; to be accountable; to make amends; as, the man must answer to his employer for the money intrusted to his care. – To be or act in return. – To be or act by way of compliance, fulfillment, reciprocation, or satisfaction; to serve the purpose; as, gypsum answers as a manure on some soils. – To be opposite, or to act in opposition. – To be or act as an equivalent, or as adequate or sufficient; as, a very few will answer. – To be or act in conformity, or by way of accommodation, correspondence, relation, or proportion; to conform; to correspond; to suit; — usually with to. – A reply to a change; a defense. – Something said or written in reply to a question, a call, an argument, an address, or the like; a reply. – Something done in return for, or in consequence of, something else; a responsive action. – A solution, the result of a mathematical operation; as, the answer to a problem. – A counter-statement of facts in a course of pleadings; a confutation of what the other party has alleged; a responsive declaration by a witness in reply to a question. In Equity, it is the usual form of defense to the complainant’s charges in his bill.
Aplomb Assurance of manner or of action; self-possession.
Apostle Literally: One sent forth; a messenger. Specifically: One of the twelve disciples of Christ, specially chosen as his companions and witnesses, and sent forth to preach the gospel. – The missionary who first plants the Christian faith in any part of the world; also, one who initiates any great moral reform, or first advocates any important belief; one who has extraordinary success as a missionary or reformer; as, Dionysius of Corinth is called the apostle of France, John Eliot the apostle to the Indians, Theobald Mathew the apostle of temperance. – A brief letter dimissory sent by a court appealed from to the superior court, stating the case, etc.; a paper sent up on appeals in the admiralty courts.
Archaeology The science or study of antiquities, esp. Prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc.
Architect A person skilled in the art of building; one who understands architecture, or makes it his occupation to form plans and designs of buildings, and to superintend the artificers employed. – A contriver, designer, or maker.
Artistically As regards art or artists; from an artistic point of view.
Ascend To move upward; to mount; to go up; to rise; — opposed to descend. – To rise, in a figurative sense; to proceed from an inferior to a superior degree, from mean to noble objects, from particulars to generals, from modern to ancient times, from one note to another more acute, etc.; as, our inquiries ascend to the remotest antiquity; to ascend to our first progenitor. – To go or move upward upon or along; to climb; to mount; to go up the top of; as, to ascend a hill, a ladder, a tree, a river, a throne.
Ascent The act of rising; motion upward; rise; a mounting upward; as, he made a tedious ascent; the ascent of vapors from the earth. – The way or means by which one ascends. – An eminence, hill, or high place. – The degree of elevation of an object, or the angle it makes with a horizontal line; inclination; rising grade; as, a road has an ascent of five degrees.
Assign To appoint; to allot; to apportion; to make over. – To fix, specify, select, or designate; to point out authoritatively or exactly; as, to assign a limit; to assign counsel for a prisoner; to assign a day for trial. – To transfer, or make over to another, esp. To transfer to, and vest in, certain persons, called assignees, for the benefit of creditors. – A thing pertaining or belonging to something else; an appurtenance. – A person to whom property or an interest is transferred; as, a deed to a man and his heirs and assigns.
Autumn The third season of the year, or the season between summer and winter, often called “the fall.” Astronomically, it begins in the northern temperate zone at the autumnal equinox, about September 23, and ends at the winter solstice, about December 23; but in popular language, autumn, in America, comprises September, October, and November. – The harvest or fruits of autumn. – The time of maturity or decline; latter portion; third stage.
Awry Turned or twisted toward one side; not in a straight or true direction, or position; out of the right course; distorted; obliquely; asquint; with oblique vision; as, to glance awry. – Aside from the line of truth, or right reason; unreasonable or unreasonably; perverse or perversely.
Badge A distinctive mark, token, sign, or cognizance, worn on the person; as, the badge of a society; the badge of a policeman. – Something characteristic; a mark; a token. – A carved ornament on the stern of a vessel, containing a window or the representation of one. – To mark or distinguish with a badge.
Baguette A small molding, like the astragal, but smaller; a bead. – One of the minute bodies seen in the divided nucleoli of some Infusoria after conjugation.
Balm An aromatic plant of the genus Melissa. – The resinous and aromatic exudation of certain trees or shrubs. – Any fragrant ointment. – Anything that heals or that mitigates pain. – To anoint with balm, or with anything medicinal. Hence: To soothe; to mitigate.
Benign Of a kind or gentle disposition; gracious; generous; favorable; benignant. – Exhibiting or manifesting kindness, gentleness, favor, etc.; mild; kindly; salutary; wholesome. – Of a mild type or character; as, a benign disease.
Biscuit A kind of unraised bread, of many varieties, plain, sweet, or fancy, formed into flat cakes, and bakes hard; as, ship biscuit. – A small loaf or cake of bread, raised and shortened, or made light with soda or baking powder. Usually a number are baked in the same pan, forming a sheet or card. – Earthen ware or porcelain which has undergone the first baking, before it is subjected to the glazing. – A species of white, unglazed porcelain, in which vases, figures, and groups are formed in miniature.
Bomb A great noise; a hollow sound. – A shell; esp. A spherical shell, like those fired from mortars. See Shell. – A bomb ketch. – To bombard. – To sound; to boom; to make a humming or buzzing sound.
Breathe To respire; to inhale and exhale air; hence;, to live. – To take breath; to rest from action. – To pass like breath; noiselessly or gently; to exhale; to emanate; to blow gently. – To inhale and exhale in the process of respiration; to respire. – To inject by breathing; to infuse; — with into. – To emit or utter by the breath; to utter softly; to whisper; as, to breathe a vow. – To exhale; to emit, as breath; as, the flowers breathe odors or perfumes. – To express; to manifest; to give forth. – To act upon by the breath; to cause to sound by breathing. – To promote free respiration in; to exercise. – To suffer to take breath, or recover the natural breathing; to rest; as, to breathe a horse. – To put out of breath; to exhaust. – To utter without vocality, as the nonvocal consonants.
Bridge A structure, usually of wood, stone, brick, or iron, erected over a river or other water course, or over a chasm, railroad, etc., to make a passageway from one bank to the other. – Anything supported at the ends, which serves to keep some other thing from resting upon the object spanned, as in engraving, watchmaking, etc., or which forms a platform or staging over which something passes or is conveyed. – The small arch or bar at right angles to the strings of a violin, guitar, etc., serving of raise them and transmit their vibrations to the body of the instrument. – A device to measure the resistance of a wire or other conductor forming part of an electric circuit. – A low wall or vertical partition in the fire chamber of a furnace, for deflecting flame, etc.; — usually called a bridge wall. – To build a bridge or bridges on or over; as, to bridge a river. – To open or make a passage, as by a bridge. – To find a way of getting over, as a difficulty; — generally with over.
Bristle A short, stiff, coarse hair, as on the back of swine. – A stiff, sharp, roundish hair. – To erect the bristles of; to cause to stand up, as the bristles of an angry hog; — sometimes with up. – To fix a bristle to; as, to bristle a thread. – To rise or stand erect, like bristles. – To appear as if covered with bristles; to have standing, thick and erect, like bristles. – To show defiance or indignation.
Building The act of constructing, erecting, or establishing. – The art of constructing edifices, or the practice of civil architecture. – That which is built; a fabric or edifice constructed, as a house, a church, etc. – To exercise the art, or practice the business, of building. – To rest or depend, as on a foundation; to ground one’s self or one’s hopes or opinions upon something deemed reliable; to rely; as, to build on the opinions or advice of others. – Form or mode of construction; general figure; make; as, the build of a ship.
Business That which busies one, or that which engages the time, attention, or labor of any one, as his principal concern or interest, whether for a longer or shorter time; constant employment; regular occupation; as, the business of life; business before pleasure. – Any particular occupation or employment engaged in for livelihood or gain, as agriculture, trade, art, or a profession. – Financial dealings; buying and selling; traffic in general; mercantile transactions. – That which one has to do or should do; special service, duty, or mission. – Affair; concern; matter; — used in an indefinite sense, and modified by the connected words. – The position, distribution, and order of persons and properties on the stage of a theater, as determined by the stage manager in rehearsal. – Care; anxiety; diligence.
Bustle To move noisily; to be rudely active; to move in a way to cause agitation or disturbance; as, to bustle through a crowd. – Great stir; agitation; tumult from stirring or excitement. – A kind of pad or cushion worn on the back below the waist, by women, to give fullness to the skirts; — called also bishop, and tournure.
Butcher One who slaughters animals, or dresses their flesh for market; one whose occupation it is to kill animals for food. – A slaughterer; one who kills in large numbers, or with unusual cruelty; one who causes needless loss of life, as in battle. – To kill or slaughter (animals) for food, or for market; as, to butcher hogs. – To murder, or kill, especially in an unusually bloody or barbarous manner.
Calf The young of the cow, or of the Bovine family of quadrupeds. Also, the young of some other mammals, as of the elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, and whale. – Leather made of the skin of the calf; especially, a fine, light-colored leather used in bookbinding; as, to bind books in calf. – An awkward or silly boy or young man; any silly person; a dolt. – A small island near a larger; as, the Calf of Man. – A small mass of ice set free from the submerged part of a glacier or berg, and rising to the surface. – The fleshy hinder part of the leg below the knee.
Calm Freedom from motion, agitation, or disturbance; a cessation or absence of that which causes motion or disturbance, as of winds or waves; tranquility; stillness; quiet; serenity. – To make calm; to render still or quiet, as elements; as, to calm the winds. – To deliver from agitation or excitement; to still or soothe, as the mind or passions. – Not stormy; without motion, as of winds or waves; still; quiet; serene; undisturbed. – Undisturbed by passion or emotion; not agitated or excited; tranquil; quiet in act or speech.
Campaign An open field; a large, open plain without considerable hills. Seechampaign. – A connected series of military operations forming a distinct stage in a war; the time during which an army keeps the field. – Political operations preceding an election; a canvass. – The period during which a blast furnace is continuously in operation. – To serve in a campaign.
Castle A fortified residence, especially that of a prince or nobleman; a fortress. – Any strong, imposing, and stately mansion. – A small tower, as on a ship, or an elephant’s back. – A piece, made to represent a castle, used in the game of chess; a rook. – To move the castle to the square next to king, and then the king around the castle to the square next beyond it, for the purpose of covering the king.
Chalk A soft, earthy substance, of a white, grayish, or yellowish white color, consisting of calcium carbonate, and having the same composition as common limestone. – Finely prepared chalk, used as a drawing implement; also, by extension, a compound, as of clay and black lead, or the like, used in the same manner. See Crayon. – To rub or mark with chalk. – To manure with chalk, as land. – To make white, as with chalk; to make pale; to bleach.
Champagne A light wine, of several kinds, originally made in the province of Champagne, in France.
Change To alter; to make different; to cause to pass from one state to another; as, to change the position, character, or appearance of a thing; to change the countenance. – To alter by substituting something else for, or by giving up for something else; as, to change the clothes; to change one’s occupation; to change one’s intention. – To give and take reciprocally; to exchange; — followed by with; as, to change place, or hats, or money, with another. – Specifically: To give, or receive, smaller denominations of money (technically called change) for; as, to change a gold coin or a bank bill. – To be altered; to undergo variation; as, men sometimes change for the better. – To pass from one phase to another; as, the moon changes to-morrow night. – Any variation or alteration; a passing from one state or form to another; as, a change of countenance; a change of habits or principles. – A succesion or substitution of one thing in the place of another; a difference; novelty; variety; as, a change of seasons. – A passing from one phase to another; as, a change of the moon. – Alteration in the order of a series; permutation. – That which makes a variety, or may be substituted for another. – Small money; the money by means of which the larger coins and bank bills are made available in small dealings; hence, the balance returned when payment is tendered by a coin or note exceeding the sum due. – A place where merchants and others meet to transact business; a building appropriated for mercantile transactions. – A public house; an alehouse. – Any order in which a number of bells are struck, other than that of the diatonic scale.
Chaos An empty, immeasurable space; a yawning chasm. – The confused, unorganized condition or mass of matter before the creation of distinct and orderly forms. – Any confused or disordered collection or state of things; a confused mixture; confusion; disorder.
Character A distinctive mark; a letter, figure, or symbol. – Style of writing or printing; handwriting; the peculiar form of letters used by a particular person or people; as, an inscription in the Runic character. – The peculiar quality, or the sum of qualities, by which a person or a thing is distinguished from others; the stamp impressed by nature, education, or habit; that which a person or thing really is; nature; disposition. – Strength of mind; resolution; independence; individuality; as, he has a great deal of character. – Moral quality; the principles and motives that control the life; as, a man of character; his character saves him from suspicion. – Quality, position, rank, or capacity; quality or conduct with respect to a certain office or duty; as, in the miserable character of a slave; in his character as a magistrate; her character as a daughter. – The estimate, individual or general, put upon a person or thing; reputation; as, a man’s character for truth and veracity; to give one a bad character. – A written statement as to behavior, competency, etc., given to a servant. – A unique or extraordinary individuality; a person characterized by peculiar or notable traits; a person who illustrates certain phases of character; as, Randolph was a character; Caesar is a great historical character. – One of the persons of a drama or novel. – To engrave; to inscribe. – To distinguish by particular marks or traits; to describe; to characterize.
Charisma Compelling attractiveness or charm that can inspire devotion in others.
Chemical Pertaining to chemistry; characterized or produced by the forces and operations of chemistry; employed in the processes of chemistry; as, chemical changes; chemical combinations. – A substance used for producing a chemical effect; a reagent.
Chlorine One of the elementary substances, commonly isolated as a greenish yellow gas, two and one half times as heavy as air, of an intensely disagreeable suffocating odor, and exceedingly poisonous. It is abundant in nature, the most important compound being common salt. It is powerful oxidizing, bleaching, and disinfecting agent. Symbol Cl. Atomic weight, 35.4.
Choir A band or organized company of singers, especially in church service. – That part of a church appropriated to the singers. – The chancel.
Chord The string of a musical instrument. – A combination of tones simultaneously performed, producing more or less perfect harmony, as, the common chord. – A right line uniting the extremities of the arc of a circle or curve. – A cord. See Cord, n., 4. – The upper or lower part of a truss, usually horizontal, resisting compression or tension. – To provide with musical chords or strings; to string; to tune. – To accord; to harmonize together; as, this note chords with that.
Choreograph Compose the sequence of steps and moves for (a ballet or other performance of dance).
Christmas An annual church festival (December 25) and in some States a legal holiday, in memory of the birth of Christ, often celebrated by a particular church service, and also by special gifts, greetings, and hospitality.
Chrome Same as Chromium.
Circuit The act of moving or revolving around, or as in a circle or orbit; a revolution; as, the periodical circuit of the earth round the sun. – The circumference of, or distance round, any space; the measure of a line round an area. – That which encircles anything, as a ring or crown. – The space inclosed within a circle, or within limits. – A regular or appointed journeying from place to place in the exercise of one’s calling, as of a judge, or a preacher. – A certain division of a state or country, established by law for a judge or judges to visit, for the administration of justice. – A district in which an itinerant preacher labors. – Circumlocution. – To move in a circle; to go round; to circulate. – To travel around.
Climb To ascend or mount laboriously, esp. By use of the hands and feet. – To ascend as if with effort; to rise to a higher point. – To ascend or creep upward by twining about a support, or by attaching itself by tendrils, rootlets, etc., to a support or upright surface. – To ascend, as by means of the hands and feet, or laboriously or slowly; to mount. – The act of one who climbs; ascent by climbing.
Clothes Covering for the human body; dress; vestments; vesture; — a general term for whatever covering is worn, or is made to be worn, for decency or comfort. – The covering of a bed; bedclothes. – The distinctive dress of any profession, especially of the clergy; hence, the clerical profession.
Cologne A perfumed liquid, composed of alcohol and certain aromatic oils, used in the toilet; — called also cologne water and eau de cologne.
Column A kind of pillar; a cylindrical or polygonal support for a roof, ceiling, statue, etc., somewhat ornamented, and usually composed of base, shaft, and capital. See Order. – Anything resembling, in form or position, a column in architecture; an upright body or mass; a shaft or obelisk; as, a column of air, of water, of mercury, etc.; the Column Vendome; the spinal column. – A body of troops formed in ranks, one behind the other; — contradistinguished from line. Compare Ploy, and Deploy. – A small army. – A number of ships so arranged as to follow one another in single or double file or in squadrons; — in distinction from “line”, where they are side by side. – A perpendicular set of lines, not extending across the page, and separated from other matter by a rule or blank space; as, a column in a newspaper. – A perpendicular line of figures. – The body formed by the union of the stamens in the Mallow family, or of the stamens and pistil in the orchids.
Comb An instrument with teeth, for straightening, cleansing, and adjusting the hair, or for keeping it in place. – An instrument for currying hairy animals, or cleansing and smoothing their coats; a currycomb. – A toothed instrument used for separating and cleansing wool, flax, hair, etc. – The serrated vibratory doffing knife of a carding machine. – A former, commonly cone-shaped, used in hat manufacturing for hardening the soft fiber into a bat. – A tool with teeth, used for chasing screws on work in a lathe; a chaser. – The notched scale of a wire micrometer. – The collector of an electrical machine, usually resembling a comb. – The naked fleshy crest or caruncle on the upper part of the bill or hood of a cock or other bird. It is usually red. – One of a pair of peculiar organs on the base of the abdomen of scorpions. – The curling crest of a wave. – The waxen framework forming the walls of the cells in which bees store their honey, eggs, etc.; honeycomb. – The thumbpiece of the hammer of a gunlock, by which it may be cocked. – To disentangle, cleanse, or adjust, with a comb; to lay smooth and straight with, or as with, a comb; as, to comb hair or wool. See under Combing. – To roll over, as the top or crest of a wave; to break with a white foam, as waves. – Alt. Of Combe – A dry measure. See Coomb.
Conscience Knowledge of one’s own thoughts or actions; consciousness. – The faculty, power, or inward principle which decides as to the character of one’s own actions, purposes, and affections, warning against and condemning that which is wrong, and approving and prompting to that which is right; the moral faculty passing judgment on one’s self; the moral sense. – The estimate or determination of conscience; conviction or right or duty. – Tenderness of feeling; pity.
Conscious Possessing the faculty of knowing one’s own thoughts or mental operations. – Possessing knowledge, whether by internal, conscious experience or by external observation; cognizant; aware; sensible. – Made the object of consciousness; known to one’s self; as, conscious guilt.
Consign To give, transfer, or deliver, in a formal manner, as if by signing over into the possession of another, or into a different state, with the sense of fixedness in that state, or permanence of possession; as, to consign the body to the grave. – To give in charge; to commit; to intrust. – To send or address (by bill of lading or otherwise) to an agent or correspondent in another place, to be cared for or sold, or for the use of such correspondent; as, to consign a cargo or a ship; to consign goods. – To assign; to devote; to set apart. – To stamp or impress; to affect. – To submit; to surrender or yield one’s self. – To yield consent; to agree; to acquiesce.
Could Was, should be, or would be, able, capable, or susceptible. Used as an auxiliary, in the past tense or in the conditional present. – A drinking cup; a vessel for holding liquids. – A vessel or case of tinned iron or of sheet metal, of various forms, but usually cylindrical; as, a can of tomatoes; an oil can; a milk can. – To preserve by putting in sealed cans – To know; to understand. – To be able to do; to have power or influence. – To be able; — followed by an infinitive without to; as, I can go, but do not wish to.
Coulomb The standard unit of quantity in electrical measurements. It is the quantity of electricity conveyed in one second by the current produced by an electro-motive force of one volt acting in a circuit having a resistance of one ohm, or the quantity transferred by one ampere in one second. Formerly called weber.
Coup A sudden stroke; an unexpected device or stratagem; — a term used in various ways to convey the idea of promptness and force.
Crescent The increasing moon; the moon in her first quarter, or when defined by a concave and a convex edge; also, applied improperly to the old or decreasing moon in a like state. – Anything having the shape of a crescent or new moon. – A representation of the increasing moon, often used as an emblem or badge – A symbol of Artemis, or Diana. – The ancient symbol of Byzantium or Constantinople. – The emblem of the Turkish Empire, adopted after the taking of Constantinople. – Any one of three orders of knighthood; the first instituted by Charles I., king of Naples and Sicily, in 1268; the second by Rene of Anjou, in 1448; and the third by the Sultan Selim III., in 1801, to be conferred upon foreigners to whom Turkey might be indebted for valuable services. – The emblem of the increasing moon with horns directed upward, when used in a coat of arms; — often used as a mark of cadency to distinguish a second son and his descendants. – Shaped like a crescent. – Increasing; growing. – To form into a crescent, or something resembling a crescent. – To adorn with crescents.
Critically In a critical manner; with nice discernment; accurately; exactly. – At a crisis; at a critical time; in a situation, place, or condition of decisive consequence; as, a fortification critically situated.
Crumb A small fragment or piece; especially, a small piece of bread or other food, broken or cut off. – Fig.: A little; a bit; as, a crumb of comfort. – The soft part of bread. – To break into crumbs or small pieces with the fingers; as, to crumb bread.
Cupboard A board or shelf for cups and dishes. – A small closet in a room, with shelves to receive cups, dishes, food, etc.; hence, any small closet. – To collect, as into a cupboard; to hoard. – a recess or piece of furniture with a door and typically shelves, used for storage.
Damn To condemn; to declare guilty; to doom; to adjudge to punishment; to sentence; to censure. – To doom to punishment in the future world; to consign to perdition; to curse. – To condemn as bad or displeasing, by open expression, as by denuciation, hissing, hooting, etc. – To invoke damnation; to curse.
Debt That which is due from one person to another, whether money, goods, or services; that which one person is bound to pay to another, or to perform for his benefit; thing owed; obligation; liability. – A duty neglected or violated; a fault; a sin; a trespass. – An action at law to recover a certain specified sum of money alleged to be due.
Descend To pass from a higher to a lower place; to move downwards; to come or go down in any way, as by falling, flowing, walking, etc.; to plunge; to fall; to incline downward; — the opposite of ascend. – To enter mentally; to retire. – To make an attack, or incursion, as if from a vantage ground; to come suddenly and with violence; — with on or upon. – To come down to a lower, less fortunate, humbler, less virtuous, or worse, state or station; to lower or abase one’s self; as, he descended from his high estate. – To pass from the more general or important to the particular or less important matters to be considered. – To come down, as from a source, original, or stock; to be derived; to proceed by generation or by transmission; to fall or pass by inheritance; as, the beggar may descend from a prince; a crown descends to the heir. – To move toward the south, or to the southward. – To fall in pitch; to pass from a higher to a lower tone. – To go down upon or along; to pass from a higher to a lower part of; as, they descended the river in boats; to descend a ladder.
Design To draw preliminary outline or main features of; to sketch for a pattern or model; to delineate; to trace out; to draw. – To mark out and exhibit; to designate; to indicate; to show; to point out; to appoint. – To create or produce, as a work of art; to form a plan or scheme of; to form in idea; to invent; to project; to lay out in the mind; as, a man designs an essay, a poem, a statue, or a cathedral. – To intend or purpose; — usually with for before the remote object, but sometimes with to. – To form a design or designs; to plan. – A preliminary sketch; an outline or pattern of the main features of something to be executed, as of a picture, a building, or a decoration; a delineation; a plan. – A plan or scheme formed in the mind of something to be done; preliminary conception; idea intended to be expressed in a visible form or carried into action; intention; purpose; — often used in a bad sense for evil intention or purpose; scheme; plot. – Specifically, intention or purpose as revealed or inferred from the adaptation of means to an end; as, the argument from design. – The realization of an inventive or decorative plan; esp., a work of decorative art considered as a new creation; conception or plan shown in completed work; as, this carved panel is a fine design, or of a fine design. – The invention and conduct of the subject; the disposition of every part, and the general order of the whole.
Disciple One who receives instruction from another; a scholar; a learner; especially, a follower who has learned to believe in the truth of the doctrine of his teacher; an adherent in doctrine; as, the disciples of Plato; the disciples of our Savior. – To teach; to train. – To punish; to discipline. – To make disciples of; to convert to doctrines or principles.
Disguise To change the guise or appearance of; especially, to conceal by an unusual dress, or one intended to mislead or deceive. – To hide by a counterfeit appearance; to cloak by a false show; to mask; as, to disguise anger; to disguise one’s sentiments, character, or intentions. – To affect or change by liquor; to intoxicate. – A dress or exterior put on for purposes of concealment or of deception; as, persons doing unlawful acts in disguise are subject to heavy penalties. – Artificial language or manner assumed for deception; false appearance; counterfeit semblance or show. – Change of manner by drink; intoxication. – A masque or masquerade.
Doubt To waver in opinion or judgment; to be in uncertainty as to belief respecting anything; to hesitate in belief; to be undecided as to the truth of the negative or the affirmative proposition; to b e undetermined. – To suspect; to fear; to be apprehensive. – To question or hold questionable; to withhold assent to; to hesitate to believe, or to be inclined not to believe; to withhold confidence from; to distrust; as, I have heard the story, but I doubt the truth of it. – To suspect; to fear; to be apprehensive of. – To fill with fear; to affright. – A fluctuation of mind arising from defect of knowledge or evidence; uncertainty of judgment or mind; unsettled state of opinion concerning the reality of an event, or the truth of an assertion, etc.; hesitation. – Uncertainty of condition. – Suspicion; fear; apprehension; dread. – Difficulty expressed or urged for solution; point unsettled; objection.
Dumb Destitute of the power of speech; unable; to utter articulate sounds; as, the dumb brutes. – Not willing to speak; mute; silent; not speaking; not accompanied by words; as, dumb show. – Lacking brightness or clearness, as a color. – To put to silence.
Echo A sound reflected from an opposing surface and repeated to the ear of a listener; repercussion of sound; repetition of a sound. – Fig.: Sympathetic recognition; response; answer. – A wood or mountain nymph, regarded as repeating, and causing the reverberation of them. – A nymph, the daughter of Air and Earth, who, for love of Narcissus, pined away until nothing was left of her but her voice. – To send back (a sound); to repeat in sound; to reverberate. – To repeat with assent; to respond; to adopt. – To give an echo; to resound; to be sounded back; as, the hall echoed with acclamations.
Edge The thin cutting side of the blade of an instrument; as, the edge of an ax, knife, sword, or scythe. Hence, figuratively, that which cuts as an edge does, or wounds deeply, etc. – Any sharp terminating border; a margin; a brink; extreme verge; as, the edge of a table, a precipice. – Sharpness; readiness of fitness to cut; keenness; intenseness of desire. – The border or part adjacent to the line of division; the beginning or early part; as, in the edge of evening. – To furnish with an edge as a tool or weapon; to sharpen. – To shape or dress the edge of, as with a tool. – To furnish with a fringe or border; as, to edge a dress; to edge a garden with box. – To make sharp or keen, figuratively; to incite; to exasperate; to goad; to urge or egg on. – To move by little and little or cautiously, as by pressing forward edgewise; as, edging their chairs forwards. – To move sideways; to move gradually; as, edge along this way. – To sail close to the wind.
Evanesce To vanish away; to become dissipated and disappear, like vapor.
Fascinate To influence in an uncontrollable manner; to operate on by some powerful or irresistible charm; to bewitch; to enchant. – To excite and allure irresistibly or powerfully; to charm; to captivate, as by physical or mental charms.
Fasten To fix firmly; to make fast; to secure, as by a knot, lock, bolt, etc.; as, to fasten a chain to the feet; to fasten a door or window. – To cause to hold together or to something else; to attach or unite firmly; to cause to cleave to something , or to cleave together, by any means; as, to fasten boards together with nails or cords; to fasten anything in our thoughts. – To cause to take close effect; to make to tell; to lay on; as, to fasten a blow. – To fix one’s self; to take firm hold; to clinch; to cling.
Feign To give a mental existence to, as to something not real or actual; to imagine; to invent; hence, to pretend; to form and relate as if true. – To represent by a false appearance of; to pretend; to counterfeit; as, to feign a sickness. – To dissemble; to conceal.
Fluorescent Having the property of fluorescence.
Folk Alt. Of folks
Foreign Outside; extraneous; separated; alien; as, a foreign country; a foreign government. – Not native or belonging to a certain country; born in or belonging to another country, nation, sovereignty, or locality; as, a foreign language; foreign fruits. – Remote; distant; strange; not belonging; not connected; not pertaining or pertient; not appropriate; not harmonious; not agreeable; not congenial; — with to or from; as, foreign to the purpose; foreign to one’s nature. – Held at a distance; excluded; exiled.
Gene (In informal use) a unit of heredity which is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring.
Ghost The spirit; the soul of man. – The disembodied soul; the soul or spirit of a deceased person; a spirit appearing after death; an apparition; a specter. – Any faint shadowy semblance; an unsubstantial image; a phantom; a glimmering; as, not a ghost of a chance; the ghost of an idea. – A false image formed in a telescope by reflection from the surfaces of one or more lenses. – To die; to expire. – To appear to or haunt in the form of an apparition.
Glisten To sparkle or shine; especially, to shine with a mild, subdued, and fitful luster; to emit a soft, scintillating light; to gleam; as, the glistening stars.
Gnarl To growl; to snarl. – a knot in wood; a large or hard knot, or a protuberance with twisted grain, on a tree.
Gnarly Full of knots; knotty; twisted; crossgrained.
Gnome An imaginary being, supposed by the Rosicrucians to inhabit the inner parts of the earth, and to be the guardian of mines, quarries, etc. – A dwarf; a goblin; a person of small stature or misshapen features, or of strange appearance. – A small owl (Glaucidium gnoma) of the Western United States. – A brief reflection or maxim.
Guard To protect from danger; to secure against surprise, attack, or injury; to keep in safety; to defend; to shelter; to shield from surprise or attack; to protect by attendance; to accompany for protection; to care for. – To keep watch over, in order to prevent escape or restrain from acts of violence, or the like. – To protect the edge of, esp. With an ornamental border; hence, to face or ornament with lists, laces, etc. – To fasten by binding; to gird. – To watch by way of caution or defense; to be caution; to be in a state or position of defense or safety; as, careful persons guard against mistakes. – One who, or that which, guards from injury, danger, exposure, or attack; defense; protection. – A man, or body of men, stationed to protect or control a person or position; a watch; a sentinel. – One who has charge of a mail coach or a railway train; a conductor. – Any fixture or attachment designed to protect or secure against injury, soiling, or defacement, theft or loss – That part of a sword hilt which protects the hand. – Ornamental lace or hem protecting the edge of a garment. – A chain or cord for fastening a watch to one’s person or dress. – A fence or rail to prevent falling from the deck of a vessel. – An extension of the deck of a vessel beyond the hull; esp., in side-wheel steam vessels, the framework of strong timbers, which curves out on each side beyond the paddle wheel, and protects it and the shaft against collision. – A plate of metal, beneath the stock, or the lock frame, of a gun or pistol, having a loop, called a bow, to protect the trigger. – An interleaved strip at the back, as in a scrap book, to guard against its breaking when filled. – A posture of defense in fencing, and in bayonet and saber exercise. – An expression or admission intended to secure against objections or censure. – Watch; heed; care; attention; as, to keep guard. – The fibrous sheath which covers the phragmacone of the Belemnites.
Guess To form an opinion concerning, without knowledge or means of knowledge; to judge of at random; to conjecture. – To judge or form an opinion of, from reasons that seem preponderating, but are not decisive. – To solve by a correct conjecture; to conjecture rightly; as, he who guesses the riddle shall have the ring; he has guessed my designs. – To hit upon or reproduce by memory. – To think; to suppose; to believe; to imagine; — followed by an objective clause. – To make a guess or random judgment; to conjecture; — with at, about, etc. – An opinion as to anything, formed without sufficient or decisive evidence or grounds; an attempt to hit upon the truth by a random judgment; a conjecture; a surmise.
Guest A visitor; a person received and entertained in one’s house or at one’s table; a visitor entertained without pay. – To receive or entertain hospitably. – To be, or act the part of, a guest.
Guild An association of men belonging to the same class, or engaged in kindred pursuits, formed for mutual aid and protection; a business fraternity or corporation; as, the Stationers’ Guild; the Ironmongers’ Guild. They were originally licensed by the government, and endowed with special privileges and authority. – A guildhall. – A religious association or society, organized for charitable purposes or for assistance in parish work.
Guile Craft; deceitful cunning; artifice; duplicity; wile; deceit; treachery. – To disguise or conceal; to deceive or delude.
Guilt The criminality and consequent exposure to punishment resulting from willful disobedience of law, or from morally wrong action; the state of one who has broken a moral or political law; crime; criminality; offense against right. – Exposure to any legal penalty or forfeiture.
Guitar A stringed instrument of music resembling the lute or the violin, but larger, and having six strings, three of silk covered with silver wire, and three of catgut, — played upon with the fingers.
Half Consisting of a moiety, or half; as, a half bushel; a half hour; a half dollar; a half view. – Consisting of some indefinite portion resembling a half; approximately a half, whether more or less; partial; imperfect; as, a half dream; half knowledge. – In an equal part or degree; in some pa/ appro/mating a half; partially; imperfectly; as, half-colored, half done, half-hearted, half persuaded, half conscious. – Part; side; behalf. – One of two equal parts into which anything may be divided, or considered as divided; — sometimes followed by of; as, a half of an apple. – To halve. [Obs.] See Halve.
Handkerchief A piece of cloth, usually square and often fine and elegant, carried for wiping the face or hands. – A piece of cloth shaped like a handkerchief to be worn about the neck; a neckerchief; a neckcloth.
Handsome Dexterous; skillful; handy; ready; convenient; — applied to things as persons. – Agreeable to the eye or to correct taste; having a pleasing appearance or expression; attractive; having symmetry and dignity; comely; — expressing more than pretty, and less than beautiful; as, a handsome man or woman; a handsome garment, house, tree, horse. – Suitable or fit in action; marked with propriety and ease; graceful; becoming; appropriate; as, a handsome style, etc. – Evincing a becoming generosity or nobleness of character; liberal; generous. – Ample; moderately large.
Hate To have a great aversion to, with a strong desire that evil should befall the person toward whom the feeling is directed; to dislike intensely; to detest; as, to hate one’s enemies; to hate hypocrisy. – To be very unwilling; followed by an infinitive, or a substantive clause with that; as, to hate to get into debt; to hate that anything should be wasted. – To love less, relatively. – Strong aversion coupled with desire that evil should befall the person toward whom the feeling is directed; as exercised toward things, intense dislike; hatred; detestation; — opposed to love.
Hedge A thicket of bushes, usually thorn bushes; especially, such a thicket planted as a fence between any two portions of land; and also any sort of shrubbery, as evergreens, planted in a line or as a fence; particularly, such a thicket planted round a field to fence it, or in rows to separate the parts of a garden. – To inclose or separate with a hedge; to fence with a thickly set line or thicket of shrubs or small trees; as, to hedge a field or garden. – To obstruct, as a road, with a barrier; to hinder from progress or success; — sometimes with up and out. – To surround for defense; to guard; to protect; to hem (in). – To surround so as to prevent escape. – To shelter one’s self from danger, risk, duty, responsibility, etc., as if by hiding in or behind a hedge; to skulk; to slink; to shirk obligations. – To reduce the risk of a wager by making a bet against the side or chance one has bet on. – To use reservations and qualifications in one’s speech so as to avoid committing one’s self to anything definite.
Honest Decent; honorable; suitable; becoming. – Characterized by integrity or fairness and straight/forwardness in conduct, thought, speech, etc.; upright; just; equitable; trustworthy; truthful; sincere; free from fraud, guile, or duplicity; not false; — said of persons and acts, and of things to which a moral quality is imputed; as, an honest judge or merchant; an honest statement; an honest bargain; an honest business; an honest book; an honest confession. – Open; frank; as, an honest countenance. – Chaste; faithful; virtuous. – To adorn; to grace; to honor; to make becoming, appropriate, or honorable.
Hour The twenty-fourth part of a day; sixty minutes. – The time of the day, as expressed in hours and minutes, and indicated by a timepiece; as, what is the hour? At what hour shall we meet? – Fixed or appointed time; conjuncture; a particular time or occasion; as, the hour of greatest peril; the man for the hour. – Certain prayers to be repeated at stated times of the day, as matins and vespers. – A measure of distance traveled.
Hustle To shake together in confusion; to push, jostle, or crowd rudely; to handle roughly; as, to hustle a person out of a room. – To push or crows; to force one’s way; to move hustily and with confusion; a hurry.
Hymn An ode or song of praise or adoration; especially, a religious ode, a sacred lyric; a song of praise or thankgiving intended to be used in religious service; as, the Homeric hymns; Watts’ hymns. – To praise in song; to worship or extol by singing hymns; to sing. – To sing in praise or adoration.
Island A tract of land surrounded by water, and smaller than a continent. Cf. Continent. – Anything regarded as resembling an island; as, an island of ice. – See Isle, n., 2. – To cause to become or to resemble an island; to make an island or islands of; to isle. – To furnish with an island or with islands; as, to island the deep.
Jamb The vertical side of any opening, as a door or fireplace; hence, less properly, any narrow vertical surface of wall, as the of a chimney-breast or of a pier, as distinguished from its face. – Any thick mass of rock which prevents miners from following the lode or vein. – See Jam, v. T.
Knack To crack; to make a sharp, abrupt noise to chink. – To speak affectedly. – A petty contrivance; a toy; a plaything; a knickknack. – A readiness in performance; aptness at doing something; skill; facility; dexterity. – Something performed, or to be done, requiring aptness and dexterity; a trick; a device.
Knead To work and press into a mass, usually with the hands; esp., to work, as by repeated pressure with the knuckles, into a well mixed mass, as the materials of bread, cake, etc.; as, to knead dough. – Fig.: To treat or form as by kneading; to beat.
Knee In man, the joint in the middle part of the leg. – The joint, or region of the joint, between the thigh and leg. – In the horse and allied animals, the carpal joint, corresponding to the wrist in man. – A piece of timber or metal formed with an angle somewhat in the shape of the human knee when bent. – A bending of the knee, as in respect or courtesy. – To supplicate by kneeling.
Kneel To bend the knee; to fall or rest on the knees; — sometimes with down.
Knew Knee. – To perceive or apprehend clearly and certainly; to understand; to have full information of; as, to know one’s duty. – To be convinced of the truth of; to be fully assured of; as, to know things from information. – To be acquainted with; to be no stranger to; to be more or less familiar with the person, character, etc., of; to possess experience of; as, to know an author; to know the rules of an organization. – To recognize; to distinguish; to discern the character of; as, to know a person’s face or figure. – To have sexual commerce with. – To have knowledge; to have a clear and certain perception; to possess wisdom, instruction, or information; — often with of. – To be assured; to feel confident.
Knickers A woman’s or girl’s undergarment covering the lower part of the torso to the top of the thighs and having two holes for the legs
Knife An instrument consisting of a thin blade, usually of steel and having a sharp edge for cutting, fastened to a handle, but of many different forms and names for different uses; as, table knife, drawing knife, putty knife, pallet knife, pocketknife, penknife, chopping knife, etc.. – A sword or dagger. – To prune with the knife. – To cut or stab with a knife.
Knight A young servant or follower; a military attendant. – In feudal times, a man-at-arms serving on horseback and admitted to a certain military rank with special ceremonies, including an oath to protect the distressed, maintain the right, and live a stainless life. – One on whom knighthood, a dignity next below that of baronet, is conferred by the sovereign, entitling him to be addressed as Sir; as, Sir John. – A champion; a partisan; a lover. – A piece used in the game of chess, usually bearing a horse’s head. – A playing card bearing the figure of a knight; the knave or jack. – To dub or create (one) a knight; — done in England by the sovereign only, who taps the kneeling candidate with a sword, saying: Rise, Sir —.
Knitting The work of a knitter; the network formed by knitting. – Union formed by knitting, as of bones. – To form, as a textile fabric, by the interlacing of yarn or thread in a series of connected loops, by means of needles, either by hand or by machinery; as, to knit stockings. – To join; to cause to grow together. – To unite closely; to connect; to engage; as, hearts knit together in love. – To draw together; to contract into wrinkles. – To form a fabric by interlacing yarn or thread; to weave by making knots or loops. – To be united closely; to grow together; as, broken bones will in time knit and become sound. – Union knitting; texture.
Knob A hard protuberance; a hard swelling or rising; a bunch; a lump; as, a knob in the flesh, or on a bone. – A knoblike ornament or handle; as, the knob of a lock, door, or drawer. – A rounded hill or mountain; as, the Pilot Knob. – See Knop. – To grow into knobs or bunches; to become knobbed.
Knock To drive or be driven against something; to strike against something; to clash; as, one heavy body knocks against another. – To strike or beat with something hard or heavy; to rap; as, to knock with a club; to knock on the door. – To strike with something hard or heavy; to move by striking; to drive (a thing) against something; as, to knock a ball with a bat; to knock the head against a post; to knock a lamp off the table. – To strike for admittance; to rap upon, as a door. – A blow; a stroke with something hard or heavy; a jar. – A stroke, as on a door for admittance; a rap.
Knot A fastening together of the pars or ends of one or more threads, cords, ropes, etc., by any one of various ways of tying or entangling. – A lump or loop formed in a thread, cord, rope. Etc., as at the end, by tying or interweaving it upon itself. – An ornamental tie, as of a ribbon. – A bond of union; a connection; a tie. – Something not easily solved; an intricacy; a difficulty; a perplexity; a problem. – A figure the lines of which are interlaced or intricately interwoven, as in embroidery, gardening, etc. – A cluster of persons or things; a collection; a group; a hand; a clique; as, a knot of politicians. – A portion of a branch of a tree that forms a mass of woody fiber running at an angle with the grain of the main stock and making a hard place in the timber. A loose knot is generally the remains of a dead branch of a tree covered by later woody growth. – A knob, lump, swelling, or protuberance. – A protuberant joint in a plant. – The point on which the action of a story depends; the gist of a matter. – See Node. – A division of the log line, serving to measure the rate of the vessel’s motion. Each knot on the line bears the same proportion to a mile that thirty seconds do to an hour. The number of knots which run off from the reel in half a minute, therefore, shows the number of miles the vessel sails in an hour. – A nautical mile, or 6080.27 feet; as, when a ship goes eight miles an hour, her speed is said to be eight knots. – A kind of epaulet. See Shoulder knot. – A sandpiper (Tringa canutus), found in the northern parts of all the continents, in summer. It is grayish or ashy above, with the rump and upper tail coverts white, barred with dusky. The lower parts are pale brown, with the flanks and under tail coverts white. When fat it is prized by epicures. Called also dunne. – To tie in or with, or form into, a knot or knots; to form a knot on, as a rope; to entangle. – To unite closely; to knit together. – To entangle or perplex; to puzzle. – To form knots or joints, as in a cord, a plant, etc.; to become entangled. – To knit knots for fringe or trimming. – To copulate; — said of toads.
Know Knee. – To perceive or apprehend clearly and certainly; to understand; to have full information of; as, to know one’s duty. – To be convinced of the truth of; to be fully assured of; as, to know things from information. – To be acquainted with; to be no stranger to; to be more or less familiar with the person, character, etc., of; to possess experience of; as, to know an author; to know the rules of an organization. – To recognize; to distinguish; to discern the character of; as, to know a person’s face or figure. – To have sexual commerce with. – To have knowledge; to have a clear and certain perception; to possess wisdom, instruction, or information; — often with of. – To be assured; to feel confident.
Knowledge The act or state of knowing; clear perception of fact, truth, or duty; certain apprehension; familiar cognizance; cognition. – That which is or may be known; the object of an act of knowing; a cognition; — chiefly used in the plural. – That which is gained and preserved by knowing; instruction; acquaintance; enlightenment; learning; scholarship; erudition. – That familiarity which is gained by actual experience; practical skill; as, a knowledge of life. – Scope of information; cognizance; notice; as, it has not come to my knowledge. – Sexual intercourse; — usually preceded by carnal; as, carnal knowledge. – To acknowledge.
Knuckle The joint of a finger, particularly when made prominent by the closing of the fingers. – The kneejoint, or middle joint, of either leg of a quadruped, especially of a calf; — formerly used of the kneejoint of a human being. – The joint of a plant. – The joining pars of a hinge through which the pin or rivet passes; a knuckle joint. – A convex portion of a vessel’s figure where a sudden change of shape occurs, as in a canal boat, where a nearly vertical side joins a nearly flat bottom. – A contrivance, usually of brass or iron, and furnished with points, worn to protect the hand, to add force to a blow, and to disfigure the person struck; as, brass knuckles; — called also knuckle duster. – To yield; to submit; — used with down, to, or under. – To beat with the knuckles; to pommel.
Lamb The young of the sheep. – Any person who is as innocent or gentle as a lamb. – A simple, unsophisticated person; in the cant of the Stock Exchange, one who ignorantly speculates and is victimized. – To bring forth a lamb or lambs, as sheep.
Like Having the same, or nearly the same, appearance, qualities, or characteristics; resembling; similar to; similar; alike; — often with in and the particulars of the resemblance; as, they are like each other in features, complexion, and many traits of character. – Equal, or nearly equal; as, fields of like extent. – Having probability; affording probability; probable; likely. – Inclined toward; disposed to; as, to feel like taking a walk. – That which is equal or similar to another; the counterpart; an exact resemblance; a copy. – A liking; a preference; inclination; — usually in pl.; as, we all have likes and dislikes. – In a manner like that of; in a manner similar to; as, do not act like him. – In a like or similar manner. – Likely; probably. – To suit; to please; to be agreeable to. – To be pleased with in a moderate degree; to approve; to take satisfaction in; to enjoy. – To liken; to compare. – To be pleased; to choose. – To have an appearance or expression; to look; to seem to be (in a specified condition). – To come near; to avoid with difficulty; to escape narrowly; as, he liked to have been too late. Cf. Had like, under Like, a.
Limb A part of a tree which extends from the trunk and separates into branches and twigs; a large branch. – An arm or a leg of a human being; a leg, arm, or wing of an animal. – A thing or person regarded as a part or member of, or attachment to, something else. – An elementary piece of the mechanism of a lock. – To supply with limbs. – To dismember; to tear off the limbs of. – A border or edge, in certain special uses. – The border or upper spreading part of a monopetalous corolla, or of a petal, or sepal; blade. – The border or edge of the disk of a heavenly body, especially of the sun and moon. – The graduated margin of an arc or circle, in an instrument for measuring angles.
Listen To give close attention with the purpose of hearing; to give ear; to hearken; to attend. – To give heed; to yield to advice; to follow admonition; to obey. – To attend to.
Logically In a logical manner; as, to argue logically.
Love A feeling of strong attachment induced by that which delights or commands admiration; preeminent kindness or devotion to another; affection; tenderness; as, the love of brothers and sisters. – Especially, devoted attachment to, or tender or passionate affection for, one of the opposite sex. – Courtship; — chiefly in the phrase to make love, i. E., to court, to woo, to solicit union in marriage. – Affection; kind feeling; friendship; strong liking or desire; fondness; good will; — opposed to hate; often with of and an object. – Due gratitude and reverence to God. – The object of affection; — often employed in endearing address. – Cupid, the god of love; sometimes, Venus. – A thin silk stuff. – A climbing species of Clematis (C. Vitalba). – Nothing; no points scored on one side; — used in counting score at tennis, etc. – To have a feeling of love for; to regard with affection or good will; as, to love one’s children and friends; to love one’s country; to love one’s God. – To regard with passionate and devoted affection, as that of one sex for the other. – To take delight or pleasure in; to have a strong liking or desire for, or interest in; to be pleased with; to like; as, to love books; to love adventures. – To have the feeling of love; to be in love.
Match Anything used for catching and retaining or communicating fire, made of some substance which takes fire readily, or remains burning some time; esp., a small strip or splint of wood dipped at one end in a substance which can be easily ignited by friction, as a preparation of phosphorus or chlorate of potassium. – A person or thing equal or similar to another; one able to mate or cope with another; an equal; a mate. – A bringing together of two parties suited to one another, as for a union, a trial of skill or force, a contest, or the like – A contest to try strength or skill, or to determine superiority; an emulous struggle. – A matrimonial union; a marriage. – An agreement, compact, etc. – A candidate for matrimony; one to be gained in marriage. – Equality of conditions in contest or competition. – Suitable combination or bringing together; that which corresponds or harmonizes with something else; as, the carpet and curtains are a match. – A perforated board, block of plaster, hardened sand, etc., in which a pattern is partly imbedded when a mold is made, for giving shape to the surfaces of separation between the parts of the mold. – To be a mate or match for; to be able to complete with; to rival successfully; to equal. – To furnish with its match; to bring a match, or equal, against; to show an equal competitor to; to set something in competition with, or in opposition to, as equal. – To oppose as equal; to contend successfully against. – To make or procure the equal of, or that which is exactly similar to, or corresponds with; as, to match a vase or a horse; to match cloth. – To make equal, proportionate, or suitable; to adapt, fit, or suit (one thing to another). – To marry; to give in marriage. – To fit together, or make suitable for fitting together; specifically, to furnish with a tongue and a groove, at the edges; as, to match boards. – To be united in marriage; to mate. – To be of equal, or similar, size, figure, color, or quality; to tally; to suit; to correspond; as, these vases match.
Mechanic The art of the application of the laws of motion or force to construction. – A mechanician; an artisan; an artificer; one who practices any mechanic art; one skilled or employed in shaping and uniting materials, as wood, metal, etc., into any kind of structure, machine, or other object, requiring the use of tools, or instruments. – Having to do with the application of the laws of motion in the art of constructing or making things; of or pertaining to mechanics; mechanical; as, the mechanic arts. – Of or pertaining to a mechanic or artificer, or to the class of artisans; hence, rude; common; vulgar. – Base.
Moisten To make damp; to wet in a small degree. – To soften by making moist; to make tender.
Monarchy A state or government in which the supreme power is lodged in the hands of a monarch. – A system of government in which the chief ruler is a monarch. – The territory ruled over by a monarch; a kingdom.
Mortgage A conveyance of property, upon condition, as security for the payment of a debt or the preformance of a duty, and to become void upon payment or performance according to the stipulated terms; also, the written instrument by which the conveyance is made. – State of being pledged; as, lands given in mortgage. – To grant or convey, as property, for the security of a debt, or other engagement, upon a condition that if the debt or engagement shall be discharged according to the contract, the conveyance shall be void, otherwise to become absolute, subject, however, to the right of redemption. – Hence: To pledge, either literally or figuratively; to make subject to a claim or obligation.
Muscle An organ which, by its contraction, produces motion. – The contractile tissue of which muscles are largely made up. – Muscular strength or development; as, to show one’s muscle by lifting a heavy weight. – See Mussel.
Musically In a musical manner.
Nestle To make and occupy a nest; to nest. – To lie close and snug, as a bird in her nest; to cuddle up; to settle, as in a nest; to harbor; to take shelter. – To move about in one’s place, like a bird when shaping the interior of her nest or a young bird getting close to the parent; as, a child nestles. – To house, as in a nest. – To cherish, as a bird her young.
Numb Enfeebled in, or destitute of, the power of sensation and motion; rendered torpid; benumbed; insensible; as, the fingers or limbs are numb with cold. – Producing numbness; benumbing; as, the numb, cold night. – To make numb; to deprive of the power of sensation or motion; to render senseless or inert; to deaden; to benumb; to stupefy.
Obscene Offensive to chastity or modesty; expressing of presenting to the mind or view something which delicacy, purity, and decency forbid to be exposed; impure; as, obscene language; obscene pictures. – Foul; fifthy; disgusting. – Inauspicious; ill-omened.
Often Frequently; many times; not seldom. – Frequent; common; repeated.
Orchestra The space in a theater between the stage and the audience; — originally appropriated by the Greeks to the chorus and its evolutions, afterward by the Romans to persons of distinction, and by the moderns to a band of instrumental musicians. – The place in any public hall appropriated to a band of instrumental musicians. – Loosely: A band of instrumental musicians performing in a theater, concert hall, or other place of public amusement. – Strictly: A band suitable for the performance of symphonies, overtures, etc., as well as for the accompaniment of operas, oratorios, cantatas, masses, and the like, or of vocal and instrumental solos. – A band composed, for the largest part, of players of the various viol instruments, many of each kind, together with a proper complement of wind instruments of wood and brass; — as distinguished from a military or street band of players on wind instruments, and from an assemblage of solo players for the rendering of concerted pieces, such as septets, octets, and the like. – The instruments employed by a full band, collectively; as, an orchestra of forty stringed instruments, with proper complement of wind instruments.
Palm The inner and somewhat concave part of the hand between the bases of the fingers and the wrist. – A lineal measure equal either to the breadth of the hand or to its length from the wrist to the ends of the fingers; a hand; — used in measuring a horse’s height. – A metallic disk, attached to a strap, and worn the palm of the hand, — used to push the needle through the canvas, in sewing sails, etc. – The broad flattened part of an antler, as of a full-grown fallow deer; — so called as resembling the palm of the hand with its protruding fingers. – The flat inner face of an anchor fluke. – Any endogenous tree of the order Palmae or Palmaceae; a palm tree. – A branch or leaf of the palm, anciently borne or worn as a symbol of victory or rejoicing. – Any symbol or token of superiority, success, or triumph; also, victory; triumph; supremacy. – To handle. – To manipulate with, or conceal in, the palm of the hand; to juggle. – To impose by fraud, as by sleight of hand; to put by unfair means; — usually with off.
Parliament A parleying; a discussion; a conference. – A formal conference on public affairs; a general council; esp., an assembly of representatives of a nation or people having authority to make laws. – The assembly of the three estates of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, viz., the lords spiritual, lords temporal, and the representatives of the commons, sitting in the House of Lords and the House of Commons, constituting the legislature, when summoned by the royal authority to consult on the affairs of the nation, and to enact and repeal laws. – In France, before the Revolution of 1789, one of the several principal judicial courts.
Patios A paved outdoor area adjoining a house.
Physically In a physical manner; according to the laws of nature or physics; by physical force; not morally. – According to the rules of medicine.
Playwright A maker or adapter of plays.
Please To give pleasure to; to excite agreeable sensations or emotions in; to make glad; to gratify; to content; to satisfy. – To have or take pleasure in; hence, to choose; to wish; to desire; to will. – To be the will or pleasure of; to seem good to; — used impersonally. – To afford or impart pleasure; to excite agreeable emotions. – To have pleasure; to be willing, as a matter of affording pleasure or showing favor; to vouchsafe; to consent.
Plumber One who works in lead; esp., one who furnishes, fits, and repairs lead, iron, or glass pipes, and other apparatus for the conveyance of water, gas, or drainage in buildings.
Pneumonia Inflammation of the lungs.
Pseudo Not genuine; spurious or sham.
Psychiatrist A medical practitioner specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness.
Psychic Alt. Of psychical
Psychology The science of the human soul; specifically, the systematic or scientific knowledge of the powers and functions of the human soul, so far as they are known by consciousness; a treatise on the human soul.
Psychotherapy The treatment of mental disorder by psychological rather than medical means.
Psychotic Relating to, denoting, or suffering from a psychosis.
Raspberry The thimble-shaped fruit of the Rubus Idaeus and other similar brambles; as, the black, the red, and the white raspberry. – The shrub bearing this fruit.
Receipt The act of receiving; reception. – Reception, as an act of hospitality. – Capability of receiving; capacity. – Place of receiving. – Hence, a recess; a retired place. – A formulary according to the directions of which things are to be taken or combined; a recipe; as, a receipt for making sponge cake. – A writing acknowledging the taking or receiving of goods delivered; an acknowledgment of money paid. – That which is received; that which comes in, in distinction from what is expended, paid out, sent away, and the like; — usually in the plural; as, the receipts amounted to a thousand dollars. – To give a receipt for; as, to receipt goods delivered by a sheriff. – To put a receipt on, as by writing or stamping; as, to receipt a bill. – To give a receipt, as for money paid.
Reign Royal authority; supreme power; sovereignty; rule; dominion. – The territory or sphere which is reigned over; kingdom; empire; realm; dominion. – The time during which a king, queen, or emperor possesses the supreme authority; as, it happened in the reign of Elizabeth. – To possess or exercise sovereign power or authority; to exercise government, as a king or emperor;; to hold supreme power; to rule. – Hence, to be predominant; to prevail. – To have superior or uncontrolled dominion; to rule.
Resign To sign back; to return by a formal act; to yield to another; to surrender; — said especially of office or emolument. Hence, to give up; to yield; to submit; — said of the wishes or will, or of something valued; — also often used reflexively. – To relinquish; to abandon. – To commit to the care of; to consign.
Resuscitate Restored to life. – To revivify; to revive; especially, to recover or restore from apparent death; as, to resuscitate a drowned person; to resuscitate withered plants. – To come to life again; to revive.
Rhythm In the widest sense, a dividing into short portions by a regular succession of motions, impulses, sounds, accents, etc., producing an agreeable effect, as in music poetry, the dance, or the like. – Movement in musical time, with periodical recurrence of accent; the measured beat or pulse which marks the character and expression of the music; symmetry of movement and accent. – A division of lines into short portions by a regular succession of arses and theses, or percussions and remissions of voice on words or syllables. – The harmonious flow of vocal sounds.
Rogue A vagrant; an idle, sturdy beggar; a vagabond; a tramp. – A deliberately dishonest person; a knave; a cheat. – One who is pleasantly mischievous or frolicsome; hence, often used as a term of endearment. – An elephant that has separated from a herd and roams about alone, in which state it is very savage. – A worthless plant occuring among seedlings of some choice variety. – To wander; to play the vagabond; to play knavish tricks. – To give the name or designation of rogue to; to decry. – To destroy (plants that do not come up to a required standard).
Rustle To make a quick succession of small sounds, like the rubbing or moving of silk cloth or dry leaves. – To stir about energetically; to strive to succeed; to bustle about. – To cause to rustle; as, the wind rustles the leaves. – A quick succession or confusion of small sounds, like those made by shaking leaves or straw, by rubbing silk, or the like; a rustling.
Salmon Of Salmon – Any one of several species of fishes of the genus Salmo and allied genera. The common salmon (Salmo salar) of Northern Europe and Eastern North America, and the California salmon, or quinnat, are the most important species. They are extensively preserved for food. See Quinnat. – A reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the salmon. – Of a reddish yellow or orange color, like that of the flesh of the salmon.
Sandwich Two pieces of bread and butter with a thin slice of meat, cheese, or the like, between them. – To make into a sandwich; also, figuratively, to insert between portions of something dissimilar; to form of alternate parts or things, or alternating layers of a different nature; to interlard.
Scenario A preliminary sketch of the plot, or main incidents, of an opera.
Scene The structure on which a spectacle or play is exhibited; the part of a theater in which the acting is done, with its adjuncts and decorations; the stage. – The decorations and fittings of a stage, representing the place in which the action is supposed to go on; one of the slides, or other devices, used to give an appearance of reality to the action of a play; as, to paint scenes; to shift the scenes; to go behind the scenes. – So much of a play as passes without change of locality or time, or important change of character; hence, a subdivision of an act; a separate portion of a play, subordinate to the act, but differently determined in different plays; as, an act of four scenes. – The place, time, circumstance, etc., in which anything occurs, or in which the action of a story, play, or the like, is laid; surroundings amid which anything is set before the imagination; place of occurrence, exhibition, or action. – An assemblage of objects presented to the view at once; a series of actions and events exhibited in their connection; a spectacle; a show; an exhibition; a view. – A landscape, or part of a landscape; scenery. – An exhibition of passionate or strong feeling before others; often, an artifical or affected action, or course of action, done for effect; a theatrical display. – To exhibit as a scene; to make a scene of; to display.
Scent To perceive by the olfactory organs; to smell; as, to scent game, as a hound does. – To imbue or fill with odor; to perfume. – To have a smell. – To hunt animals by means of the sense of smell. – That which, issuing from a body, affects the olfactory organs of animals; odor; smell; as, the scent of an orange, or of a rose; the scent of musk. – Specifically, the odor left by an animal on the ground in passing over it; as, dogs find or lose the scent; hence, course of pursuit; track of discovery. – The power of smelling; the sense of smell; as, a hound of nice scent; to divert the scent.
Scheme A combination of things connected and adjusted by design; a system. – A plan or theory something to be done; a design; a project; as, to form a scheme. – Any lineal or mathematical diagram; an outline. – A representation of the aspects of the celestial bodies for any moment or at a given event. – To make a scheme of; to plan; to design; to project; to plot. – To form a scheme or schemes.
School A shoal; a multitude; as, a school of fish. – A place for learned intercourse and instruction; an institution for learning; an educational establishment; a place for acquiring knowledge and mental training; as, the school of the prophets. – A place of primary instruction; an establishment for the instruction of children; as, a primary school; a common school; a grammar school. – A session of an institution of instruction. – One of the seminaries for teaching logic, metaphysics, and theology, which were formed in the Middle Ages, and which were characterized by academical disputations and subtilties of reasoning. – The room or hall in English universities where the examinations for degrees and honors are held. – An assemblage of scholars; those who attend upon instruction in a school of any kind; a body of pupils. – The disciples or followers of a teacher; those who hold a common doctrine, or accept the same teachings; a sect or denomination in philosophy, theology, science, medicine, politics, etc. – The canons, precepts, or body of opinion or practice, sanctioned by the authority of a particular class or age; as, he was a gentleman of the old school. – Figuratively, any means of knowledge or discipline; as, the school of experience. – To train in an institution of learning; to educate at a school; to teach. – To tutor; to chide and admonish; to reprove; to subject to systematic discipline; to train.
Science Knowledge; knowledge of principles and causes; ascertained truth of facts. – Accumulated and established knowledge, which has been systematized and formulated with reference to the discovery of general truths or the operation of general laws; knowledge classified and made available in work, life, or the search for truth; comprehensive, profound, or philosophical knowledge. – Especially, such knowledge when it relates to the physical world and its phenomena, the nature, constitution, and forces of matter, the qualities and functions of living tissues, etc.; — called also natural science, and physical science. – Any branch or department of systematized knowledge considered as a distinct field of investigation or object of study; as, the science of astronomy, of chemistry, or of mind. – Art, skill, or expertness, regarded as the result of knowledge of laws and principles. – To cause to become versed in science; to make skilled; to instruct.
Scissors A cutting instrument resembling shears, but smaller, consisting of two cutting blades with handles, movable on a pin in the center, by which they are held together. Often called a pair of scissors.
Scratch To rub and tear or mark the surface of with something sharp or ragged; to scrape, roughen, or wound slightly by drawing something pointed or rough across, as the claws, the nails, a pin, or the like. – To write or draw hastily or awkwardly. – To cancel by drawing one or more lines through, as the name of a candidate upon a ballot, or of a horse in a list; hence, to erase; to efface; — often with out. – To dig or excavate with the claws; as, some animals scratch holes, in which they burrow. – To use the claws or nails in tearing or in digging; to make scratches. – To score, not by skillful play but by some fortunate chance of the game. – A break in the surface of a thing made by scratching, or by rubbing with anything pointed or rough; a slight wound, mark, furrow, or incision. – A line across the prize ring; up to which boxers are brought when they join fight; hence, test, trial, or proof of courage; as, to bring to the scratch; to come up to the scratch. – Minute, but tender and troublesome, excoriations, covered with scabs, upon the heels of horses which have been used where it is very wet or muddy. – A kind of wig covering only a portion of the head. – A shot which scores by chance and not as intended by the player; a fluke. – Made, done, or happening by chance; arranged with little or no preparation; determined by circumstances; haphazard; as, a scratch team; a scratch crew for a boat race; a scratch shot in billiards.
Should Used as an auxiliary verb, to express a conditional or contingent act or state, or as a supposition of an actual fact; also, to express moral obligation (see Shall); e. G.: they should have come last week; if I should go; I should think you could go. – To be obliged; must. – As an auxiliary, shall indicates a duty or necessity whose obligation is derived from the person speaking; as, you shall go; he shall go; that is, I order or promise your going. It thus ordinarily expresses, in the second and third persons, a command, a threat, or a promise. If the auxillary be emphasized, the command is made more imperative, the promise or that more positive and sure. It is also employed in the language of prophecy; as, “the day shall come when . . . , ” since a promise or threat and an authoritative prophecy nearly coincide in significance. In shall with the first person, the necessity of the action is sometimes implied as residing elsewhere than in the speaker; as, I shall suffer; we shall see; and there is always a less distinct and positive assertion of his volition than is indicated by will. “I shall go” implies nearly a simple futurity; more exactly, a foretelling or an expectation of my going, in which, naturally enough, a certain degree of plan or intention may be included; emphasize the shall, and the event is described as certain to occur, and the expression approximates in meaning to our emphatic “I will go.” In a question, the relation of speaker and source of obligation is of course transferred to the person addressed; as, “Shall you go?” (answer, “I shall go”); “Shall he go?” i. E., “Do you require or promise his going?” (answer, “He shall go”.) The same relation is transferred to either second or third person in such phrases as “You say, or think, you shall go;” “He says, or thinks, he shall go.” After a conditional conjunction (as if, whether) shall is used in all persons to express futurity simply; as, if I, you, or he shall say they are right. Should is everywhere used in the same connection and the same senses as shall, as its imperfect. It also expresses duty or moral obligation; as, he should do it whether he will or not. In the early English, and hence in our English Bible, shall is the auxiliary mainly used, in all the persons, to express simple futurity. (Cf. Will, v. T.) Shall may be used elliptically; thus, with an adverb or other word expressive of motion go may be omitted.
Sign That by which anything is made known or represented; that which furnishes evidence; a mark; a token; an indication; a proof. – A remarkable event, considered by the ancients as indicating the will of some deity; a prodigy; an omen. – An event considered by the Jews as indicating the divine will, or as manifesting an interposition of the divine power for some special end; a miracle; a wonder. – Something serving to indicate the existence, or preserve the memory, of a thing; a token; a memorial; a monument. – Any symbol or emblem which prefigures, typifles, or represents, an idea; a type; hence, sometimes, a picture. – A word or a character regarded as the outward manifestation of thought; as, words are the sign of ideas. – A motion, an action, or a gesture by which a thought is expressed, or a command or a wish made known. – Hence, one of the gestures of pantomime, or of a language of a signs such as those used by the North American Indians, or those used by the deaf and dumb. – A military emblem carried on a banner or a standard. – A lettered board, or other conspicuous notice, placed upon or before a building, room, shop, or office to advertise the business there transacted, or the name of the person or firm carrying it on; a publicly displayed token or notice. – The twelfth part of the ecliptic or zodiac. – A character indicating the relation of quantities, or an operation performed upon them; as, the sign + (plus); the sign — (minus); the sign of division Ö, and the like. – An objective evidence of disease; that is, one appreciable by some one other than the patient. – Any character, as a flat, sharp, dot, etc. – That which, being external, stands for, or signifies, something internal or spiritual; — a term used in the Church of England in speaking of an ordinance considered with reference to that which it represents. – To represent by a sign; to make known in a typical or emblematic manner, in distinction from speech; to signify. – To make a sign upon; to mark with a sign. – To affix a signature to; to ratify by hand or seal; to subscribe in one’s own handwriting. – To assign or convey formally; — used with away. – To mark; to make distinguishable. – To be a sign or omen. – To make a sign or signal; to communicate directions or intelligence by signs. – To write one’s name, esp. As a token of assent, responsibility, or obligation.
Silhouette A representation of the outlines of an object filled in with a black color; a profile portrait in black, such as a shadow appears to be. – To represent by a silhouette; to project upon a background, so as to be like a silhouette.
Soften To make soft or more soft. – To render less hard; — said of matter. – To mollify; to make less fierce or intractable. – To palliate; to represent as less enormous; as, to soften a fault. – To compose; to mitigate; to assuage. – To make less harsh, less rude, less offensive, or less violent, or to render of an opposite quality. – To make less glaring; to tone down; as, to soften the coloring of a picture. – To make tender; to make effeminate; to enervate; as, troops softened by luxury. – To make less harsh or grating, or of a quality the opposite; as, to soften the voice. – To become soft or softened, or less rude, harsh, severe, or obdurate.
Stomach An enlargement, or series of enlargements, in the anterior part of the alimentary canal, in which food is digested; any cavity in which digestion takes place in an animal; a digestive cavity. See Digestion, and Gastric juice, under Gastric. – The desire for food caused by hunger; appetite; as, a good stomach for roast beef. – Hence appetite in general; inclination; desire. – Violence of temper; anger; sullenness; resentment; willful obstinacy; stubbornness. – Pride; haughtiness; arrogance. – To resent; to remember with anger; to dislike. – To bear without repugnance; to brook. – To be angry.
Subtle Sly in design; artful; cunning; insinuating; subtile; — applied to persons; as, a subtle foe. – Cunningly devised; crafty; treacherous; as, a subtle stratagem. – Characterized by refinement and niceness in drawing distinctions; nicely discriminating; — said of persons; as, a subtle logician; refined; tenuous; sinuous; insinuating; hence, penetrative or pervasive; — said of the mind; its faculties, or its operations; as, a subtle intellect; a subtle imagination; a subtle process of thought; also, difficult of apprehension; elusive. – Smooth and deceptive.
Succumb To yield; to submit; to give up unresistingly; as, to succumb under calamities; to succumb to disease.
Sword An offensive weapon, having a long and usually sharp/pointed blade with a cutting edge or edges. It is the general term, including the small sword, rapier, saber, scimiter, and many other varieties. – Hence, the emblem of judicial vengeance or punishment, or of authority and power. – Destruction by the sword, or in battle; war; dissension. – The military power of a country. – One of the end bars by which the lay of a hand loom is suspended.
Talk To utter words; esp., to converse familiarly; to speak, as in familiar discourse, when two or more persons interchange thoughts. – To confer; to reason; to consult. – To prate; to speak impertinently. – To speak freely; to use for conversing or communicating; as, to talk French. – To deliver in talking; to speak; to utter; to make a subject of conversation; as, to talk nonsense; to talk politics. – To consume or spend in talking; — often followed by away; as, to talk away an evening. – To cause to be or become by talking. – The act of talking; especially, familiar converse; mutual discourse; that which is uttered, especially in familiar conversation, or the mutual converse of two or more. – Report; rumor; as, to hear talk of war. – Subject of discourse; as, his achievment is the talk of the town.
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Thistle Any one of several prickly composite plants, especially those of the genera Cnicus, Craduus, and Onopordon. The name is often also applied to other prickly plants.
Thumb The short, thick first digit of the human hand, differing from the other fingers in having but two phalanges; the pollex. See Pollex. – To handle awkwardly. – To play with the thumbs, or with the thumbs and fingers; as, to thumb over a tune. – To soil or wear with the thumb or the fingers; to soil, or wear out, by frequent handling; also, to cover with the thumb; as, to thumb the touch-hole of a cannon. – To play with the thumb or thumbs; to play clumsily; to thrum.
Tomb A pit in which the dead body of a human being is deposited; a grave; a sepulcher. – A house or vault, formed wholly or partly in the earth, with walls and a roof, for the reception of the dead. – A monument erected to inclose the body and preserve the name and memory of the dead. – To place in a tomb; to bury; to inter; to entomb.
Tongue An organ situated in the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates and connected with the hyoid arch. – the power of articulate utterance; speech. – discourse; fluency of speech or expression. – honorable discourse; eulogy. – a language; the whole sum of words used by a particular nation; as, the english tongue. – speech; words or declarations only; — opposed to thoughts or actions. – a people having a distinct language. – the lingual ribbon, or odontophore, of a mollusk. – the proboscis of a moth or a butterfly. – the lingua of an insect. – any small sole. – that which is considered as resembing an animal’s tongue, in position or form. – a projection, or slender appendage or fixture; as, the tongue of a buckle, or of a balance. – a projection on the side, as of a board, which fits into a groove. – a point, or long, narrow strip of land, projecting from the mainland into a sea or a lake. – the pole of a vehicle; especially, the pole of an ox cart, to the end of which the oxen are yoked. – the clapper of a bell. – a short piece of rope spliced into the upper part of standing backstays, etc.; also. The upper main piece of a mast composed of several pieces. – same as reed, n., 5. – to speak; to utter. – to chide; to scold. – to modulate or modify with the tongue, as notes, in playing the flute and some other wind instruments. – to join means of a tongue and grove; as, to tongue boards together. – to talk; to prate. – to use the tongue in forming the notes, as in playing the flute and some other wind instruments.
Two One and one; twice one. – The sum of one and one; the number next greater than one, and next less than three; two units or objects. – A symbol representing two units, as 2, II., or ii.
Vegetable Of or pertaining to plants; having the nature of, or produced by, plants; as, a vegetable nature; vegetable growths, juices, etc. – Consisting of, or comprising, plants; as, the vegetable kingdom. – Plants having distinct flowers and true seeds. – Plants without true flowers, and reproduced by minute spores of various kinds, or by simple cell division. – A plant. See Plant. – A plant used or cultivated for food for man or domestic animals, as the cabbage, turnip, potato, bean, dandelion, etc.; also, the edible part of such a plant, as prepared for market or the table.
Vogue The way or fashion of people at any particular time; temporary mode, custom, or practice; popular reception for the time; — used now generally in the phrase in vogue. – Influence; power; sway.
Walk To move along on foot; to advance by steps; to go on at a moderate pace; specifically, of two-legged creatures, to proceed at a slower or faster rate, but without running, or lifting one foot entirely before the other touches the ground. – To move or go on the feet for exercise or amusement; to take one’s exercise; to ramble. – To be stirring; to be abroad; to go restlessly about; — said of things or persons expected to remain quiet, as a sleeping person, or the spirit of a dead person; to go about as a somnambulist or a specter. – To be in motion; to act; to move; to wag. – To behave; to pursue a course of life; to conduct one’s self. – To move off; to depart. – To pass through, over, or upon; to traverse; to perambulate; as, to walk the streets. – To cause to walk; to lead, drive, or ride with a slow pace; as to walk one’s horses. – To subject, as cloth or yarn, to the fulling process; to full. – The act of walking, or moving on the feet with a slow pace; advance without running or leaping. – The act of walking for recreation or exercise; as, a morning walk; an evening walk. – Manner of walking; gait; step; as, we often know a person at a distance by his walk. – That in or through which one walks; place or distance walked over; a place for walking; a path or avenue prepared for foot passengers, or for taking air and exercise; way; road; hence, a place or region in which animals may graze; place of wandering; range; as, a sheep walk. – A frequented track; habitual place of action; sphere; as, the walk of the historian. – Conduct; course of action; behavior. – The route or district regularly served by a vender; as, a milkman’s walk.
Watch The act of watching; forbearance of sleep; vigil; wakeful, vigilant, or constantly observant attention; close observation; guard; preservative or preventive vigilance; formerly, a watching or guarding by night. – One who watches, or those who watch; a watchman, or a body of watchmen; a sentry; a guard. – The post or office of a watchman; also, the place where a watchman is posted, or where a guard is kept. – The period of the night during which a person does duty as a sentinel, or guard; the time from the placing of a sentinel till his relief; hence, a division of the night. – A small timepiece, or chronometer, to be carried about the person, the machinery of which is moved by a spring. – An allotted portion of time, usually four hour for standing watch, or being on deck ready for duty. Cf. Dogwatch. – That part, usually one half, of the officers and crew, who together attend to the working of a vessel for an allotted time, usually four hours. The watches are designated as the port watch, and the starboard watch. – To be awake; to be or continue without sleep; to wake; to keep vigil. – To be attentive or vigilant; to give heed; to be on the lookout; to keep guard; to act as sentinel. – To be expectant; to look with expectation; to wait; to seek opportunity. – To remain awake with any one as nurse or attendant; to attend on the sick during the night; as, to watch with a man in a fever. – To serve the purpose of a watchman by floating properly in its place; — said of a buoy. – To give heed to; to observe the actions or motions of, for any purpose; to keep in view; not to lose from sight and observation; as, to watch the progress of a bill in the legislature. – To tend; to guard; to have in keeping.
Wedge A piece of metal, or other hard material, thick at one end, and tapering to a thin edge at the other, used in splitting wood, rocks, etc., in raising heavy bodies, and the like. It is one of the six elementary machines called the mechanical powers. See Illust. Of Mechanical powers, under Mechanical. – A solid of five sides, having a rectangular base, two rectangular or trapezoidal sides meeting in an edge, and two triangular ends. – A mass of metal, especially when of a wedgelike form. – Anything in the form of a wedge, as a body of troops drawn up in such a form. – The person whose name stands lowest on the list of the classical tripos; — so called after a person (Wedgewood) who occupied this position on the first list of 1828. – To cleave or separate with a wedge or wedges, or as with a wedge; to rive. – To force or drive as a wedge is driven. – To force by crowding and pushing as a wedge does; as, to wedge one’s way. – To press closely; to fix, or make fast, in the manner of a wedge that is driven into something. – To fasten with a wedge, or with wedges; as, to wedge a scythe on the snath; to wedge a rail or a piece of timber in its place. – To cut, as clay, into wedgelike masses, and work by dashing together, in order to expel air bubbles, etc.
Wednesday The fourth day of the week; the next day after Tuesday.
What As an interrogative pronoun, used in asking questions regarding either persons or things; as, what is this? What did you say? What poem is this? What child is lost? – As an exclamatory word: — (a) Used absolutely or independently; — often with a question following. – Used adjectively, meaning how remarkable, or how great; as, what folly! What eloquence! What courage! – Sometimes prefixed to adjectives in an adverbial sense, as nearly equivalent to how; as, what happy boys! – As a relative pronoun – Used substantively with the antecedent suppressed, equivalent to that which, or those [persons] who, or those [things] which; — called a compound relative. – Used adjectively, equivalent to the . . . Which; the sort or kind of . . . Which; rarely, the . . . On, or at, which. – Used adverbially in a sense corresponding to the adjectival use; as, he picked what good fruit he saw. – Whatever; whatsoever; what thing soever; — used indefinitely. – Used adverbially, in part; partly; somewhat; — with a following preposition, especially, with, and commonly with repetition. – Something; thing; stuff. – Why? For what purpose? On what account?
When At what time; — used interrogatively. – At what time; at, during, or after the time that; at or just after, the moment that; — used relatively. – While; whereas; although; — used in the manner of a conjunction to introduce a dependent adverbial sentence or clause, having a causal, conditional, or adversative relation to the principal proposition; as, he chose to turn highwayman when he might have continued an honest man; he removed the tree when it was the best in the grounds. – Which time; then; — used elliptically as a noun.
Where Whether. – At or in what place; hence, in what situation, position, or circumstances; — used interrogatively. – At or in which place; at the place in which; hence, in the case or instance in which; — used relatively. – To what or which place; hence, to what goal, result, or issue; whither; — used interrogatively and relatively; as, where are you going? – Whereas. – Place; situation.
Whether Which (of two); which one (of two); — used interrogatively and relatively. – In case; if; — used to introduce the first or two or more alternative clauses, the other or others being connected by or, or by or whether. When the second of two alternatives is the simple negative of the first it is sometimes only indicated by the particle not or no after the correlative, and sometimes it is omitted entirely as being distinctly implied in the whether of the first.
Which Of what sort or kind; what; what a; who. – A interrogative pronoun, used both substantively and adjectively, and in direct and indirect questions, to ask for, or refer to, an individual person or thing among several of a class; as, which man is it? Which woman was it? Which is the house? He asked which route he should take; which is best, to live or to die? See the Note under What, pron., 1. – A relative pronoun, used esp. In referring to an antecedent noun or clause, but sometimes with reference to what is specified or implied in a sentence, or to a following noun or clause (generally involving a reference, however, to something which has preceded). It is used in all numbers and genders, and was formerly used of persons. – A compound relative or indefinite pronoun, standing for any one which, whichever, that which, those which, the . . . Which, and the like; as, take which you will.
While Space of time, or continued duration, esp. When short; a time; as, one while we thought him innocent. – That which requires time; labor; pains. – To cause to pass away pleasantly or without irksomeness or disgust; to spend or pass; — usually followed by away. – To loiter. – During the time that; as long as; whilst; at the same time that; as, while I write, you sleep. – Hence, under which circumstances; in which case; though; whereas. – Until; till.
Whistle To make a kind of musical sound, or series of sounds, by forcing the breath through a small orifice formed by contracting the lips; also, to emit a similar sound, or series of notes, from the mouth or beak, as birds. – To make a shrill sound with a wind or steam instrument, somewhat like that made with the lips; to blow a sharp, shrill tone. – To sound shrill, or like a pipe; to make a sharp, shrill sound; as, a bullet whistles through the air. – To form, utter, or modulate by whistling; as, to whistle a tune or an air. – To send, signal, or call by a whistle. – A sharp, shrill, more or less musical sound, made by forcing the breath through a small orifice of the lips, or through or instrument which gives a similar sound; the sound used by a sportsman in calling his dogs; the shrill note of a bird; as, the sharp whistle of a boy, or of a boatswain’s pipe; the blackbird’s mellow whistle. – The shrill sound made by wind passing among trees or through crevices, or that made by bullet, or the like, passing rapidly through the air; the shrill noise (much used as a signal, etc.) Made by steam or gas escaping through a small orifice, or impinging against the edge of a metallic bell or cup. – An instrument in which gas or steam forced into a cavity, or against a thin edge, produces a sound more or less like that made by one who whistles through the compressed lips; as, a child’s whistle; a boatswain’s whistle; a steam whistle (see Steam whistle, under Steam). – The mouth and throat; — so called as being the organs of whistling.
White Reflecting to the eye all the rays of the spectrum combined; not tinted with any of the proper colors or their mixtures; having the color of pure snow; snowy; — the opposite of black or dark; as, white paper; a white skin. – Destitute of color, as in the cheeks, or of the tinge of blood color; pale; pallid; as, white with fear. – Having the color of purity; free from spot or blemish, or from guilt or pollution; innocent; pure. – Gray, as from age; having silvery hair; hoary. – Characterized by freedom from that which disturbs, and the like; fortunate; happy; favorable. – Regarded with especial favor; favorite; darling. – The color of pure snow; one of the natural colors of bodies, yet not strictly a color, but a composition of all colors; the opposite of black; whiteness. See the Note under Color, n., 1. – Something having the color of snow; something white, or nearly so; as, the white of the eye. – Specifically, the central part of the butt in archery, which was formerly painted white; the center of a mark at which a missile is shot. – A person with a white skin; a member of the white, or Caucasian, races of men. – A white pigment; as, Venice white. – Any one of numerous species of butterflies belonging to Pieris, and allied genera in which the color is usually white. See Cabbage butterfly, under Cabbage. – To make white; to whiten; to whitewash; to bleach.
Whole Containing the total amount, number, etc.; comprising all the parts; free from deficiency; all; total; entire; as, the whole earth; the whole solar system; the whole army; the whole nation. – Complete; entire; not defective or imperfect; not broken or fractured; unimpaired; uninjured; integral; as, a whole orange; the egg is whole; the vessel is whole. – Possessing, or being in a state of, heath and soundness; healthy; sound; well. – The entire thing; the entire assemblage of parts; totality; all of a thing, without defect or exception; a thing complete in itself. – A regular combination of parts; a system.
Why For what cause, reason, or purpose; on what account; wherefore; — used interrogatively. See the Note under What, pron., 1. – For which; on account of which; — used relatively. – The reason or cause for which; that on account of which; on what account; as, I know not why he left town so suddenly; — used as a compound relative. – A young heifer.
Witch A cone of paper which is placed in a vessel of lard or other fat, and used as a taper. – One who practices the black art, or magic; one regarded as possessing supernatural or magical power by compact with an evil spirit, esp. With the Devil; a sorcerer or sorceress; — now applied chiefly or only to women, but formerly used of men as well. – An ugly old woman; a hag. – One who exercises more than common power of attraction; a charming or bewitching person; also, one given to mischief; — said especially of a woman or child. – A certain curve of the third order, described by Maria Agnesi under the name versiera. – The stormy petrel. – To bewitch; to fascinate; to enchant.
Womb The belly; the abdomen. – The uterus. See Uterus. – The place where anything is generated or produced. – Any cavity containing and enveloping anything. – To inclose in a womb, or as in a womb; to breed or hold in secret.
Would Commonly used as an auxiliary verb, either in the past tense or in the conditional or optative present. See 2d & 3d Will. – See 2d Weld. – The choice or determination of one who has authority; a decree; a command; discretionary pleasure. – Strong wish or inclination; desire; purpose. – That which is strongly wished or desired. – Arbitrary disposal; power to control, dispose, or determine. – The legal declaration of a person’s mind as to the manner in which he would have his property or estate disposed of after his death; the written instrument, legally executed, by which a man makes disposition of his estate, to take effect after his death; testament; devise. See the Note under Testament, 1. – To wish; to desire; to incline to have. – As an auxiliary, will is used to denote futurity dependent on the verb. Thus, in first person, “I will” denotes willingness, consent, promise; and when “will” is emphasized, it denotes determination or fixed purpose; as, I will go if you wish; I will go at all hazards. In the second and third persons, the idea of distinct volition, wish, or purpose is evanescent, and simple certainty is appropriately expressed; as, “You will go,” or “He will go,” describes a future event as a fact only. To emphasize will denotes (according to the tone or context) certain futurity or fixed determination. – To be willing; to be inclined or disposed; to be pleased; to wish; to desire. – To form a distinct volition of; to determine by an act of choice; to ordain; to decree. – To enjoin or command, as that which is determined by an act of volition; to direct; to order. – To give or direct the disposal of by testament; to bequeath; to devise; as, to will one’s estate to a child; also, to order or direct by testament; as, he willed that his nephew should have his watch. – To exercise an act of volition; to choose; to decide; to determine; to decree.
Wrack A thin, flying cloud; a rack. – To rack; to torment. – Wreck; ruin; destruction. – Any marine vegetation cast up on the shore, especially plants of the genera Fucus, Laminaria, and Zostera, which are most abundant on northern shores. – Coarse seaweed of any kind. – To wreck.
Wrap To snatch up; transport; — chiefly used in the p. P. Wrapt. – To wind or fold together; to arrange in folds. – To cover by winding or folding; to envelop completely; to involve; to infold; — often with up. – To conceal by enveloping or infolding; to hide; hence, to involve, as an effect or consequence; to be followed by. – A wrapper; — often used in the plural for blankets, furs, shawls, etc., used in riding or traveling.
Wrapper One who, or that which, wraps. – That in which anything is wrapped, or inclosed; envelope; covering. – Specifically, a loose outer garment; an article of dress intended to be wrapped round the person; as, a morning wrapper; a gentleman’s wrapper.
Wrath Violent anger; vehement exasperation; indignation; rage; fury; ire. – The effects of anger or indignation; the just punishment of an offense or a crime. – See Wroth. – To anger; to enrage; — also used impersonally.
Wreath Something twisted, intertwined, or curled; as, a wreath of smoke; a wreath of flowers. – A garland; a chaplet, esp. One given to a victor. – An appendage to the shield, placed above it, and supporting the crest (see Illust. Of Crest). It generally represents a twist of two cords of silk, one tinctured like the principal metal, the other like the principal color in the arms.
Wreck See 2d & 3d Wreak. – The destruction or injury of a vessel by being cast on shore, or on rocks, or by being disabled or sunk by the force of winds or waves; shipwreck. – Destruction or injury of anything, especially by violence; ruin; as, the wreck of a railroad train. – The ruins of a ship stranded; a ship dashed against rocks or land, and broken, or otherwise rendered useless, by violence and fracture; as, they burned the wreck. – The remain of anything ruined or fatally injured. – Goods, etc., which, after a shipwreck, are cast upon the land by the sea. – To destroy, disable, or seriously damage, as a vessel, by driving it against the shore or on rocks, by causing it to become unseaworthy, to founder, or the like; to shipwreck. – To bring wreck or ruin upon by any kind of violence; to destroy, as a railroad train. – To involve in a wreck; hence, to cause to suffer ruin; to balk of success, and bring disaster on. – To suffer wreck or ruin. – To work upon a wreck, as in saving property or lives, or in plundering.
Wreckage The act of wrecking, or state of being wrecked. – That which has been wrecked; remains of a wreck.
Wren Any one of numerous species of small singing birds belonging to Troglodytes and numerous allied of the family Troglodytidae. – Any one of numerous species of small singing birds more or less resembling the true wrens in size and habits.
Wrench Trick; deceit; fraud; stratagem. – A violent twist, or a pull with twisting. – A sprain; an injury by twisting, as in a joint. – Means; contrivance. – An instrument, often a simple bar or lever with jaws or an angular orifice either at the end or between the ends, for exerting a twisting strain, as in turning bolts, nuts, screw taps, etc.; a screw key. Many wrenches have adjustable jaws for grasping nuts, etc., of different sizes. – The system made up of a force and a couple of forces in a plane perpendicular to that force. Any number of forces acting at any points upon a rigid body may be compounded so as to be equivalent to a wrench. – To pull with a twist; to wrest, twist, or force by violence. – To strain; to sprain; hence, to distort; to pervert.
Wrestle To contend, by grappling with, and striving to trip or throw down, an opponent; as, they wrestled skillfully. – Hence, to struggle; to strive earnestly; to contend. – To wrestle with; to seek to throw down as in wrestling. – A struggle between two persons to see which will throw the other down; a bout at wrestling; a wrestling match; a struggle.
Wrestling To contend, by grappling with, and striving to trip or throw down, an opponent; as, they wrestled skillfully. – Hence, to struggle; to strive earnestly; to contend. – To wrestle with; to seek to throw down as in wrestling. – A struggle between two persons to see which will throw the other down; a bout at wrestling; a wrestling match; a struggle.
Wretched Very miserable; sunk in, or accompanied by, deep affliction or distress, as from want, anxiety, or grief; calamitous; woeful; very afflicting. – Worthless; paltry; very poor or mean; miserable; as, a wretched poem; a wretched cabin. – Hatefully contemptible; despicable; wicked.
Wriggle To move the body to and fro with short, writhing motions, like a worm; to squirm; to twist uneasily or quickly about. – To move with short, quick contortions; to move by twisting and squirming; like a worm. – Wriggling; frisky; pliant; flexible.
Wring To twist and compress; to turn and strain with violence; to writhe; to squeeze hard; to pinch; as, to wring clothes in washing. – Hence, to pain; to distress; to torment; to torture. – To distort; to pervert; to wrest. – To extract or obtain by twisting and compressing; to squeeze or press (out); hence, to extort; to draw forth by violence, or against resistance or repugnance; — usually with out or form. – To subject to extortion; to afflict, or oppress, in order to enforce compliance. – To bend or strain out of its position; as, to wring a mast. – To writhe; to twist, as with anguish. – A writhing, as in anguish; a twisting; a griping.
Wrinkle A winkle. – A small ridge, prominence, or furrow formed by the shrinking or contraction of any smooth substance; a corrugation; a crease; a slight fold; as, wrinkle in the skin; a wrinkle in cloth. – hence, any roughness; unevenness. – A notion or fancy; a whim; as, to have a new wrinkle. – To contract into furrows and prominences; to make a wrinkle or wrinkles in; to corrugate; as, wrinkle the skin or the brow. – Hence, to make rough or uneven in any way. – To shrink into furrows and ridges.
Wrist The joint, or the region of the joint, between the hand and the arm; the carpus. See Carpus. – A stud or pin which forms a journal; — also called wrist pin.
Wrong Imp. Of wring. Wrung. – twisted; wry; as, a wrong nose. – not according to the laws of good morals, whether divine or human; not suitable to the highest and best end; not morally right; deviating from rectitude or duty; not just or equitable; not true; not legal; as, a wrong practice; wrong ideas; wrong inclinations and desires. – not fit or suitable to an end or object; not appropriate for an intended use; not according to rule; unsuitable; improper; incorrect; as, to hold a book with the wrong end uppermost; to take the wrong way. – not according to truth; not conforming to fact or intent; not right; mistaken; erroneous; as, a wrong statement. – designed to be worn or placed inward; as, the wrong side of a garment or of a piece of cloth. – in a wrong manner; not rightly; amiss; morally ill; erroneously; wrongly. – that which is not right. – nonconformity or disobedience to lawful authority, divine or human; deviation from duty; — the opposite of moral right. – deviation or departure from truth or fact; state of falsity; error; as, to be in the wrong. – whatever deviates from moral rectitude; usually, an act that involves evil consequences, as one which inflicts injury on a person; any injury done to, or received from; another; a trespass; a violation of right. – to treat with injustice; to deprive of some right, or to withhold some act of justice from; to do undeserved harm to; to deal unjustly with; to injure. – to impute evil to unjustly; as, if you suppose me capable of a base act, you wrong me.
Wrote To root with the snout. See 1st Root. – imp. & archaic p. P. Of Write. – Hence, to compose or produce, as an author. – To impress durably; to imprint; to engrave; as, truth written on the heart. – To make known by writing; to record; to prove by one’s own written testimony; — often used reflexively. – To form characters, letters, or figures, as representative of sounds or ideas; to express words and sentences by written signs. – To be regularly employed or occupied in writing, copying, or accounting; to act as clerk or amanuensis; as, he writes in one of the public offices. – To frame or combine ideas, and express them in written words; to play the author; to recite or relate in books; to compose. – To compose or send letters.
Yolk The yellow part of an egg; the vitellus. – An oily secretion which naturally covers the wool of sheep.

 

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