The lists below contain the Dolch words for 1st which you might encounter in your next spelling bee.
The Dolch word list is a list of commonly used English words compiled by Edward William Dolch, a major proponent of the “whole-word” method of beginning reading instruction. The list was first published in a journal article in 1936 and then published in his book Problems in Reading in 1948.
Dolch compiled the list based on children’s books of his era, which is why nouns such as “kitty” and “Santa Claus” appear on the list instead of more commonly used words. Between 50% and 75% of all the words used in schoolbooks, library books, newspapers, and magazines come from the Dolch spelling basic sight word vocabulary.
The Dolch Word List is often referred to as the “Sight Words” or The Dolch 220. It includes the most commonly used words in the English language. Dolch word list is known to be a crucial educational goal in grades kindergarten through 3.
Because fluency in reading the Dolch words are very essential to literacy. There are various techniques that are used to teach these Dolch words like reading Dolch literature books, using flash cards, playing games, and writing activities. Repetition and practice is key in having these words imprinted in our memory.
You will find a lot of these words in different spelling bee word lists. Spelling bees like to incorporate words from different languages, origins, and culture. Hence, you are bound to run into one or more of these words at some point during your practice as well as during the competition.
Below, you will find four different lists of Dolch words. Go through these Dolch spelling words carefully and follow it up with a thoroughly worked out spelling bee training session using these same lists in co-ordination with the Spelling Bee Ninja Test app and the Smart Trainer.
Click the icon below to get to the Dolch words in pdf and sbn formats:
Dolch Words – For First Graders
|After||Next; later in time; subsequent; succeeding; as, an after period of life. – Hinder; nearer the rear. – To ward the stern of the ship; — applied to any object in the rear part of a vessel; as the after cabin, after hatchway. – Behind in place; as, men in line one after another. – Below in rank; next to in order. – Later in time; subsequent; as, after supper, after three days. It often precedes a clause. Formerly that was interposed between it and the clause. – Subsequent to and in consequence of; as, after what you have said, I shall be careful. – Subsequent to and notwithstanding; as, after all our advice, you took that course. – Moving toward from behind; following, in search of; in pursuit of. – Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to; as, to look after workmen; to inquire after a friend; to thirst after righteousness. – In imitation of; in conformity with; after the manner of; as, to make a thing after a model; a picture after Rubens; the boy takes after his father. – According to; in accordance with; in conformity with the nature of; as, he acted after his kind. – According to the direction and influence of; in proportion to; befitting. – Subsequently in time or place; behind; afterward; as, he follows after.|
|Again||In return, back; as, bring us word again. – Another time; once more; anew. – Once repeated; — of quantity; as, as large again, half as much again. – In any other place. – On the other hand. – Moreover; besides; further. – Alt. Of Agains|
|Any||One indifferently, out of an indefinite number; one indefinitely, whosoever or whatsoever it may be. – Some, of whatever kind, quantity, or number; as, are there any witnesses present? Are there any other houses like it? – To any extent; in any degree; at all.|
|Ask||To request; to seek to obtain by words; to petition; to solicit; — often with of, in the sense of from, before the person addressed. – To require, demand, claim, or expect, whether by way of remuneration or return, or as a matter of necessity; as, what price do you ask? – To interrogate or inquire of or concerning; to put a question to or about; to question. – To invite; as, to ask one to an entertainment. – To publish in church for marriage; — said of both the banns and the persons. – To request or petition; — usually followed by for; as, to ask for bread. – To make inquiry, or seek by request; — sometimes followed by after. – A water newt.|
|Could||Was, should be, or would be, able, capable, or susceptible. Used as an auxiliary, in the past tense or in the conditional present. – A drinking cup; a vessel for holding liquids. – A vessel or case of tinned iron or of sheet metal, of various forms, but usually cylindrical; as, a can of tomatoes; an oil can; a milk can. – To preserve by putting in sealed cans – To know; to understand. – To be able to do; to have power or influence. – To be able; — followed by an infinitive without to; as, I can go, but do not wish to.|
|Every||All the parts which compose a whole collection or aggregate number, considered in their individuality, all taken separately one by one, out of an indefinite bumber. – Every one. Cf.|
|Fly||To move in or pass thorugh the air with wings, as a bird. – To move through the air or before the wind; esp., to pass or be driven rapidly through the air by any impulse. – To float, wave, or rise in the air, as sparks or a flag. – To move or pass swiftly; to hasten away; to circulate rapidly; as, a ship flies on the deep; a top flies around; rumor flies. – To run from danger; to attempt to escape; to flee; as, an enemy or a coward flies. See Note under Flee. – To move suddenly, or with violence; to do an act suddenly or swiftly; — usually with a qualifying word; as, a door flies open; a bomb flies apart. – To cause to fly or to float in the air, as a bird, a kite, a flag, etc. – To fly or flee from; to shun; to avoid. – To hunt with a hawk. – Any winged insect; esp., one with transparent wings; as, the Spanish fly; firefly; gall fly; dragon fly. – Any dipterous insect; as, the house fly; flesh fly; black fly. See Diptera, and Illust. In Append. – A hook dressed in imitation of a fly, — used for fishing. – A familiar spirit; a witch’s attendant. – A parasite. – A kind of light carriage for rapid transit, plying for hire and usually drawn by one horse. – The length of an extended flag from its staff; sometimes, the length from the “union” to the extreme end. – The part of a vane pointing the direction from which the wind blows. – That part of a compass on which the points are marked; the compass card. – Two or more vanes set on a revolving axis, to act as a fanner, or to equalize or impede the motion of machinery by the resistance of the air, as in the striking part of a clock. – A heavy wheel, or cross arms with weights at the ends on a revolving axis, to regulate or equalize the motion of machinery by means of its inertia, where the power communicated, or the resistance to be overcome, is variable, as in the steam engine or the coining press. See Fly wheel (below). – The piece hinged to the needle, which holds the engaged loop in position while the needle is penetrating another loop; a latch. – The pair of arms revolving around the bobbin, in a spinning wheel or spinning frame, to twist the yarn. – A shuttle driven through the shed by a blow or jerk. – Formerly, the person who took the printed sheets from the press. – A vibrating frame with fingers, attached to a power to a power printing press for doing the same work. – The outer canvas of a tent with double top, usually drawn over the ridgepole, but so extended as to touch the roof of the tent at no other place. – One of the upper screens of a stage in a theater. – The fore flap of a bootee; also, a lap on trousers, overcoats, etc., to conceal a row of buttons. – A batted ball that flies to a considerable distance, usually high in the air; also, the flight of a ball so struck; as, it was caught on the fly. – Knowing; wide awake; fully understanding another’s meaning.|
|From||Out of the neighborhood of; lessening or losing proximity to; leaving behind; by reason of; out of; by aid of; — used whenever departure, setting out, commencement of action, being, state, occurrence, etc., or procedure, emanation, absence, separation, etc., are to be expressed. It is construed with, and indicates, the point of space or time at which the action, state, etc., are regarded as setting out or beginning; also, less frequently, the source, the cause, the occasion, out of which anything proceeds; — the aritithesis and correlative of to; as, it, is one hundred miles from Boston to Springfield; he took his sword from his side; light proceeds from the sun; separate the coarse wool from the fine; men have all sprung from Adam, and often go from good to bad, and from bad to worse; the merit of an action depends on the principle from which it proceeds; men judge of facts from personal knowledge, or from testimony.|
|Give||To bestow without receiving a return; to confer without compensation; to impart, as a possession; to grant, as authority or permission; to yield up or allow. – To yield possesion of; to deliver over, as property, in exchange for something; to pay; as, we give the value of what we buy. – To yield; to furnish; to produce; to emit; as, flint and steel give sparks. – To communicate or announce, as advice, tidings, etc.; to pronounce; to render or utter, as an opinion, a judgment, a sentence, a shout, etc. – To grant power or license to; to permit; to allow; to license; to commission. – To exhibit as a product or result; to produce; to show; as, the number of men, divided by the number of ships, gives four hundred to each ship. – To devote; to apply; used reflexively, to devote or apply one’s self; as, the soldiers give themselves to plunder; also in this sense used very frequently in the past participle; as, the people are given to luxury and pleasure; the youth is given to study. – To set forth as a known quantity or a known relation, or as a premise from which to reason; — used principally in the passive form given. – To allow or admit by way of supposition. – To attribute; to assign; to adjudge. – To excite or cause to exist, as a sensation; as, to give offense; to give pleasure or pain. – To pledge; as, to give one’s word. – To cause; to make; — with the infinitive; as, to give one to understand, to know, etc. – To give a gift or gifts. – To yield to force or pressure; to relax; to become less rigid; as, the earth gives under the feet. – To become soft or moist. – To move; to recede. – To shed tears; to weep. – To have a misgiving. – To open; to lead.|
|Going||The act of moving in any manner; traveling; as, the going is bad. – Departure. – Pregnancy; gestation; childbearing. – Course of life; behavior; doings; ways. – To proceed or happen in a given manner; to fare; to move on or be carried on; to have course; to come to an issue or result; to succeed; to turn out. – To proceed or tend toward a result, consequence, or product; to tend; to conduce; to be an ingredient; to avail; to apply; to contribute; — often with the infinitive; as, this goes to show. – To apply one’s self; to set one’s self; to undertake. – To proceed by a mental operation; to pass in mind or by an act of the memory or imagination; — generally with over or through. – To be with young; to be pregnant; to gestate. – To move from the person speaking, or from the point whence the action is contemplated; to pass away; to leave; to depart; — in opposition to stay and come. – To pass away; to depart forever; to be lost or ruined; to perish; to decline; to decease; to die. – To reach; to extend; to lead; as, a line goes across the street; his land goes to the river; this road goes to New York. – To have recourse; to resort; as, to go to law. – To take, as a share in an enterprise; to undertake or become responsible for; to bear a part in. – To bet or wager; as, i’ll go you a shilling. – Act; working; operation. – A circumstance or occurrence; an incident. – The fashion or mode; as, quite the go. – Noisy merriment; as, a high go. – A glass of spirits. – Power of going or doing; energy; vitality; perseverance; push; as, there is no go in him. – That condition in the course of the game when a player can not lay down a card which will not carry the aggregate count above thirty-one.|
|Had||See Have. – of Have – To hold in possession or control; to own; as, he has a farm. – To possess, as something which appertains to, is connected with, or affects, one. – To accept possession of; to take or accept. – To get possession of; to obtain; to get. – To cause or procure to be; to effect; to exact; to desire; to require. – To bear, as young; as, she has just had a child. – To hold, regard, or esteem. – To cause or force to go; to take. – To take or hold (one’s self); to proceed promptly; — used reflexively, often with ellipsis of the pronoun; as, to have after one; to have at one or at a thing, i. E., to aim at one or at a thing; to attack; to have with a companion. – To be under necessity or obligation; to be compelled; followed by an infinitive. – To understand. – To put in an awkward position; to have the advantage of; as, that is where he had him.|
|Has||3d pers. Sing. Pres. Of have. – of have – to hold in possession or control; to own; as, he has a farm. – to possess, as something which appertains to, is connected with, or affects, one. – to accept possession of; to take or accept. – to get possession of; to obtain; to get. – to cause or procure to be; to effect; to exact; to desire; to require. – to bear, as young; as, she has just had a child. – to hold, regard, or esteem. – to cause or force to go; to take. – to take or hold (one’s self); to proceed promptly; — used reflexively, often with ellipsis of the pronoun; as, to have after one; to have at one or at a thing, i. E., to aim at one or at a thing; to attack; to have with a companion. – to be under necessity or obligation; to be compelled; followed by an infinitive. – to understand. – to put in an awkward position; to have the advantage of; as, that is where he had him.|
|Her||The form of the objective and the possessive case of the personal pronoun she; as, I saw her with her purse out. – Alt. Of Here|
|Him||Them. See Hem. – The objective case of he. See He.|
|His||Belonging or pertaining to him; — used as a pronominal adjective or adjective pronoun; as, tell John his papers are ready; formerly used also for its, but this use is now obsolete. – The possessive of he; as, the book is his.|
|How||In what manner or way; by what means or process. – To what degree or extent, number or amount; in what proportion; by what measure or quality. – For what reason; from what cause. – In what state, condition, or plight. – By what name, designation, or title. – At what price; how dear.|
|Just||Conforming or conformable to rectitude or justice; not doing wrong to any; violating no right or obligation; upright; righteous; honest; true; — said both of persons and things. – Not transgressing the requirement of truth and propriety; conformed to the truth of things, to reason, or to a proper standard; exact; normal; reasonable; regular; due; as, a just statement; a just inference. – Rendering or disposed to render to each one his due; equitable; fair; impartial; as, just judge. – Precisely; exactly; — in place, time, or degree; neither more nor less than is stated. – Closely; nearly; almost. – Barely; merely; scarcely; only; by a very small space or time; as, he just missed the train; just too late. – To joust. – A joust.|
|Know||Knee. – To perceive or apprehend clearly and certainly; to understand; to have full information of; as, to know one’s duty. – To be convinced of the truth of; to be fully assured of; as, to know things from information. – To be acquainted with; to be no stranger to; to be more or less familiar with the person, character, etc., of; to possess experience of; as, to know an author; to know the rules of an organization. – To recognize; to distinguish; to discern the character of; as, to know a person’s face or figure. – To have sexual commerce with. – To have knowledge; to have a clear and certain perception; to possess wisdom, instruction, or information; — often with of. – To be assured; to feel confident.|
|Let||To retard; to hinder; to impede; to oppose. – A retarding; hindrance; obstacle; impediment; delay; — common in the phrase without let or hindrance, but elsewhere archaic. – A stroke in which a ball touches the top of the net in passing over. – of Let – To leave; to relinquish; to abandon. – To consider; to think; to esteem. – To cause; to make; — used with the infinitive in the active form but in the passive sense; as, let make, i. E., cause to be made; let bring, i. E., cause to be brought. – To permit; to allow; to suffer; — either affirmatively, by positive act, or negatively, by neglecting to restrain or prevent. – To allow to be used or occupied for a compensation; to lease; to rent; to hire out; — often with out; as, to let a farm; to let a house; to let out horses. – To give, grant, or assign, as a work, privilege, or contract; — often with out; as, to let the building of a bridge; to let out the lathing and the plastering. – To forbear. – To be let or leased; as, the farm lets for $500 a year. See note under Let, v. T.|
|Live||To be alive; to have life; to have, as an animal or a plant, the capacity of assimilating matter as food, and to be dependent on such assimilation for a continuance of existence; as, animals and plants that live to a great age are long in reaching maturity. – To pass one’s time; to pass life or time in a certain manner, as to habits, conduct, or circumstances; as, to live in ease or affluence; to live happily or usefully. – To make one’s abiding place or home; to abide; to dwell; to reside. – To be or continue in existence; to exist; to remain; to be permanent; to last; — said of inanimate objects, ideas, etc. – To enjoy or make the most of life; to be in a state of happiness. – To feed; to subsist; to be nourished or supported; — with on; as, horses live on grass and grain. – To have a spiritual existence; to be quickened, nourished, and actuated by divine influence or faith. – To be maintained in life; to acquire a livelihood; to subsist; — with on or by; as, to live on spoils. – To outlast danger; to float; — said of a ship, boat, etc.; as, no ship could live in such a storm. – To spend, as one’s life; to pass; to maintain; to continue in, constantly or habitually; as, to live an idle or a useful life. – To act habitually in conformity with; to practice. – Having life; alive; living; not dead. – Being in a state of ignition; burning; having active properties; as, a live coal; live embers. – Full of earnestness; active; wide awake; glowing; as, a live man, or orator. – Vivid; bright. – Imparting power; having motion; as, the live spindle of a lathe. – Life.|
|May||An auxiliary verb qualifyng the meaning of another verb, by expressing: (a) Ability, competency, or possibility; — now oftener expressed by can. – A maiden. – The fifth month of the year, containing thirty-one days. – The early part or springtime of life. – The flowers of the hawthorn; — so called from their time of blossoming; also, the hawthorn. – The merrymaking of May Day.|
|Old||Open country. – Not young; advanced far in years or life; having lived till toward the end of the ordinary term of living; as, an old man; an old age; an old horse; an old tree. – Not new or fresh; not recently made or produced; having existed for a long time; as, old wine; an old friendship. – Formerly existing; ancient; not modern; preceding; original; as, an old law; an old custom; an old promise. – Continued in life; advanced in the course of existence; having (a certain) length of existence; — designating the age of a person or thing; as, an infant a few hours old; a cathedral centuries old. – Long practiced; hence, skilled; experienced; cunning; as, an old offender; old in vice. – Long cultivated; as, an old farm; old land, as opposed to new land, that is, to land lately cleared. – Worn out; weakened or exhausted by use; past usefulness; as, old shoes; old clothes. – More than enough; abundant. – Aged; antiquated; hence, wanting in the mental vigor or other qualities belonging to youth; — used disparagingly as a term of reproach. – Old-fashioned; wonted; customary; as of old; as, the good old times; hence, colloquially, gay; jolly. – Used colloquially as a term of cordiality and familiarity.|
|Once||By limitation to the number one; for one time; not twice nor any number of times more than one. – At some one period of time; — used indefinitely. – At any one time; — often nearly equivalent to ever, if ever, or whenever; as, once kindled, it may not be quenched.|
|Open||Free of access; not shut up; not closed; affording unobstructed ingress or egress; not impeding or preventing passage; not locked up or covered over; — applied to passageways; as, an open door, window, road, etc.; also, to inclosed structures or objects; as, open houses, boxes, baskets, bottles, etc.; also, to means of communication or approach by water or land; as, an open harbor or roadstead. – Free to be used, enjoyed, visited, or the like; not private; public; unrestricted in use; as, an open library, museum, court, or other assembly; liable to the approach, trespass, or attack of any one; unprotected; exposed. – Free or cleared of obstruction to progress or to view; accessible; as, an open tract; the open sea. – Not drawn together, closed, or contracted; extended; expanded; as, an open hand; open arms; an open flower; an open prospect. – Without reserve or false pretense; sincere; characterized by sincerity; unfeigned; frank; also, generous; liberal; bounteous; — applied to personal appearance, or character, and to the expression of thought and feeling, etc. – Not concealed or secret; not hidden or disguised; exposed to view or to knowledge; revealed; apparent; as, open schemes or plans; open shame or guilt. – Not of a quality to prevent communication, as by closing water ways, blocking roads, etc.; hence, not frosty or inclement; mild; — used of the weather or the climate; as, an open season; an open winter. – Not settled or adjusted; not decided or determined; not closed or withdrawn from consideration; as, an open account; an open question; to keep an offer or opportunity open. – Free; disengaged; unappropriated; as, to keep a day open for any purpose; to be open for an engagement. – Uttered with a relatively wide opening of the articulating organs; — said of vowels; as, the an far is open as compared with the a in say. – Uttered, as a consonant, with the oral passage simply narrowed without closure, as in uttering s. – Not closed or stopped with the finger; — said of the string of an instrument, as of a violin, when it is allowed to vibrate throughout its whole length. – Produced by an open string; as, an open tone. – Open or unobstructed space; clear land, without trees or obstructions; open ocean; open water. – To make or set open; to render free of access; to unclose; to unbar; to unlock; to remove any fastening or covering from; as, to open a door; to open a box; to open a room; to open a letter. – To spread; to expand; as, to open the hand. – To disclose; to reveal; to interpret; to explain. – To make known; to discover; also, to render available or accessible for settlements, trade, etc. – To enter upon; to begin; as, to open a discussion; to open fire upon an enemy; to open trade, or correspondence; to open a case in court, or a meeting. – To loosen or make less compact; as, to open matted cotton by separating the fibers. – To unclose; to form a hole, breach, or gap; to be unclosed; to be parted. – To expand; to spread out; to be disclosed; as, the harbor opened to our view. – To begin; to commence; as, the stock opened at par; the battery opened upon the enemy. – To bark on scent or view of the game.|
|Over||Above, or higher than, in place or position, with the idea of covering; — opposed to under; as, clouds are over our heads; the smoke rises over the city. – Across; from side to side of; — implying a passing or moving, either above the substance or thing, or on the surface of it; as, a dog leaps over a stream or a table. – Upon the surface of, or the whole surface of; hither and thither upon; throughout the whole extent of; as, to wander over the earth; to walk over a field, or over a city. – Above; — implying superiority in excellence, dignity, condition, or value; as, the advantages which the Christian world has over the heathen. – Above in authority or station; — implying government, direction, care, attention, guard, responsibility, etc.; — opposed to under. – Across or during the time of; from beginning to end of; as, to keep anything over night; to keep corn over winter. – Above the perpendicular height or length of, with an idea of measurement; as, the water, or the depth of water, was over his head, over his shoes. – Beyond; in excess of; in addition to; more than; as, it cost over five dollars. – Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of; notwithstanding; as, he triumphed over difficulties; the bill was passed over the veto. – From one side to another; from side to side; across; crosswise; as, a board, or a tree, a foot over, i. E., a foot in diameter. – From one person or place to another regarded as on the opposite side of a space or barrier; — used with verbs of motion; as, to sail over to England; to hand over the money; to go over to the enemy. – Also, with verbs of being: At, or on, the opposite side; as, the boat is over. – From beginning to end; throughout the course, extent, or expanse of anything; as, to look over accounts, or a stock of goods; a dress covered over with jewels. – From inside to outside, above or across the brim. – Beyond a limit; hence, in excessive degree or quantity; superfluously; with repetition; as, to do the whole work over. – In a manner to bring the under side to or towards the top; as, to turn (one’s self) over; to roll a stone over; to turn over the leaves; to tip over a cart. – At an end; beyond the limit of continuance; completed; finished. – Upper; covering; higher; superior; also, excessive; too much or too great; — chiefly used in composition; as, overshoes, overcoat, over-garment, overlord, overwork, overhaste. – A certain number of balls (usually four) delivered successively from behind one wicket, after which the ball is bowled from behind the other wicket as many times, the fielders changing places.|
|Put||A pit. – 3d pers. Sing. Pres. Of Put, contracted from putteth. – A rustic; a clown; an awkward or uncouth person. – of Put – To move in any direction; to impel; to thrust; to push; — nearly obsolete, except with adverbs, as with by (to put by = to thrust aside; to divert); or with forth (to put forth = to thrust out). – To bring to a position or place; to place; to lay; to set; figuratively, to cause to be or exist in a specified relation, condition, or the like; to bring to a stated mental or moral condition; as, to put one in fear; to put a theory in practice; to put an enemy to fight. – To attach or attribute; to assign; as, to put a wrong construction on an act or expression. – To lay down; to give up; to surrender. – To set before one for judgment, acceptance, or rejection; to bring to the attention; to offer; to state; to express; figuratively, to assume; to suppose; — formerly sometimes followed by that introducing a proposition; as, to put a question; to put a case. – To incite; to entice; to urge; to constrain; to oblige. – To throw or cast with a pushing motion “overhand,” the hand being raised from the shoulder; a practice in athletics; as, to put the shot or weight. – To convey coal in the mine, as from the working to the tramway. – To go or move; as, when the air first puts up. – To steer; to direct one’s course; to go. – To play a card or a hand in the game called put. – The act of putting; an action; a movement; a thrust; a push; as, the put of a ball. – A certain game at cards. – A privilege which one party buys of another to “put” (deliver) to him a certain amount of stock, grain, etc., at a certain price and date. – A prostitute.|
|Round||To whisper. – Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical; circular; having a form approaching a spherical or a circular shape; orbicular; globular; as, a round ball. – Having the form of a cylinder; cylindrical; as, the barrel of a musket is round. – Having a curved outline or form; especially, one like the arc of a circle or an ellipse, or a portion of the surface of a sphere; rotund; bulging; protuberant; not angular or pointed; as, a round arch; round hills. – Full; complete; not broken; not fractional; approximately in even units, tens, hundreds, thousands, etc.; — said of numbers. – Not inconsiderable; large; hence, generous; free; as, a round price. – Uttered or emitted with a full tone; as, a round voice; a round note. – Modified, as a vowel, by contraction of the lip opening, making the opening more or less round in shape; rounded; labialized; labial. See Guide to Pronunciation, / 11. – Outspoken; plain and direct; unreserved; unqualified; not mincing; as, a round answer; a round oath. – Full and smoothly expanded; not defective or abrupt; finished; polished; — said of style, or of authors with reference to their style. – Complete and consistent; fair; just; — applied to conduct. – Anything round, as a circle, a globe, a ring. “The golden round” [the crown]. – A series of changes or events ending where it began; a series of like events recurring in continuance; a cycle; a periodical revolution; as, the round of the seasons; a round of pleasures. – A course of action or conduct performed by a number of persons in turn, or one after another, as if seated in a circle. – A series of duties or tasks which must be performed in turn, and then repeated. – A circular dance. – That which goes round a whole circle or company; as, a round of applause. – Rotation, as in office; succession. – The step of a ladder; a rundle or rung; also, a crosspiece which joins and braces the legs of a chair. – A course ending where it began; a circuit; a beat; especially, one freguently or regulary traversed; also, the act of traversing a circuit; as, a watchman’s round; the rounds of the postman. – A walk performed by a guard or an officer round the rampart of a garrison, or among sentinels, to see that the sentinels are faithful and all things safe; also, the guard or officer, with his attendants, who performs this duty; — usually in the plural. – A general discharge of firearms by a body of troops in which each soldier fires once. – Ammunition for discharging a piece or pieces once; as, twenty rounds of ammunition were given out. – A short vocal piece, resembling a catch in which three or four voices follow each other round in a species of canon in the unison. – The time during which prize fighters or boxers are in actual contest without an intermission, as prescribed by their rules; a bout. – A brewer’s vessel in which the fermentation is concluded, the yeast escaping through the bunghole. – A vessel filled, as for drinking. – An assembly; a group; a circle; as, a round of politicians. – See Roundtop. – Same as Round of beef, below. – On all sides; around. – Circularly; in a circular form or manner; by revolving or reversing one’s position; as, to turn one’s head round; a wheel turns round. – In circumference; as, a ball is ten inches round. – From one side or party to another; as to come or turn round, — that is, to change sides or opinions. – By or in a circuit; by a course longer than the direct course; back to the starting point. – Through a circle, as of friends or houses. – Roundly; fully; vigorously. – On every side of, so as to encompass or encircle; around; about; as, the people atood round him; to go round the city; to wind a cable round a windlass. – To make circular, spherical, or cylindrical; to give a round or convex figure to; as, to round a silver coin; to round the edges of anything. – To surround; to encircle; to encompass. – To bring to fullness or completeness; to complete; hence, to bring to a fit conclusion. – To go round wholly or in part; to go about (a corner or point); as, to round a corner; to round Cape Horn. – To make full, smooth, and flowing; as, to round periods in writing. – To grow round or full; hence, to attain to fullness, completeness, or perfection. – To go round, as a guard. – To go or turn round; to wheel about.|
|Some||Consisting of a greater or less portion or sum; composed of a quantity or number which is not stated; — used to express an indefinite quantity or number; as, some wine; some water; some persons. Used also pronominally; as, I have some. – A certain; one; — indicating a person, thing, event, etc., as not known individually, or designated more specifically; as, some man, that is, some one man. – Not much; a little; moderate; as, the censure was to some extent just. – About; near; more or less; — used commonly with numerals, but formerly also with a singular substantive of time or distance; as, a village of some eighty houses; some two or three persons; some hour hence. – Considerable in number or quality. – Certain; those of one part or portion; — in distinct from other or others; as, some men believe one thing, and others another. – A part; a portion; — used pronominally, and followed sometimes by of; as, some of our provisions.|
|Stop||To close, as an aperture, by filling or by obstructing; as, to stop the ears; hence, to stanch, as a wound. – To obstruct; to render impassable; as, to stop a way, road, or passage. – To arrest the progress of; to hinder; to impede; to shut in; as, to stop a traveler; to stop the course of a stream, or a flow of blood. – To hinder from acting or moving; to prevent the effect or efficiency of; to cause to cease; to repress; to restrain; to suppress; to interrupt; to suspend; as, to stop the execution of a decree, the progress of vice, the approaches of old age or infirmity. – To regulate the sounds of, as musical strings, by pressing them against the finger board with the finger, or by shortening in any way the vibrating part. – To point, as a composition; to punctuate. – To make fast; to stopper. – To cease to go on; to halt, or stand still; to come to a stop. – To cease from any motion, or course of action. – To spend a short time; to reside temporarily; to stay; to tarry; as, to stop with a friend. – The act of stopping, or the state of being stopped; hindrance of progress or of action; cessation; repression; interruption; check; obstruction. – That which stops, impedes, or obstructs; as obstacle; an impediment; an obstruction. – A device, or piece, as a pin, block, pawl, etc., for arresting or limiting motion, or for determining the position to which another part shall be brought. – The closing of an aperture in the air passage, or pressure of the finger upon the string, of an instrument of music, so as to modify the tone; hence, any contrivance by which the sounds of a musical instrument are regulated. – In the organ, one of the knobs or handles at each side of the organist, by which he can draw on or shut off any register or row of pipes; the register itself; as, the vox humana stop. – A member, plain or molded, formed of a separate piece and fixed to a jamb, against which a door or window shuts. This takes the place, or answers the purpose, of a rebate. Also, a pin or block to prevent a drawer from sliding too far. – A point or mark in writing or printing intended to distinguish the sentences, parts of a sentence, or clauses; a mark of punctuation. See Punctuation. – The diaphragm used in optical instruments to cut off the marginal portions of a beam of light passing through lenses. – The depression in the face of a dog between the skull and the nasal bones. It is conspicuous in the bulldog, pug, and some other breeds. – Some part of the articulating organs, as the lips, or the tongue and palate, closed (a) so as to cut off the passage of breath or voice through the mouth and the nose (distinguished as a lip-stop, or a front-stop, etc., as in p, t, d, etc.), or (b) so as to obstruct, but not entirely cut off, the passage, as in l, n, etc.; also, any of the consonants so formed.|
|Take||Taken. – In an active sense; To lay hold of; to seize with the hands, or otherwise; to grasp; to get into one’s hold or possession; to procure; to seize and carry away; to convey. – To obtain possession of by force or artifice; to get the custody or control of; to reduce into subjection to one’s power or will; to capture; to seize; to make prisoner; as, to take am army, a city, or a ship; also, to come upon or befall; to fasten on; to attack; to seize; — said of a disease, misfortune, or the like. – To gain or secure the interest or affection of; to captivate; to engage; to interest; to charm. – To make selection of; to choose; also, to turn to; to have recourse to; as, to take the road to the right. – To employ; to use; to occupy; hence, to demand; to require; as, it takes so much cloth to make a coat. – To form a likeness of; to copy; to delineate; to picture; as, to take picture of a person. – To draw; to deduce; to derive. – To assume; to adopt; to acquire, as shape; to permit to one’s self; to indulge or engage in; to yield to; to have or feel; to enjoy or experience, as rest, revenge, delight, shame; to form and adopt, as a resolution; — used in general senses, limited by a following complement, in many idiomatic phrases; as, to take a resolution; I take the liberty to say. – To lead; to conduct; as, to take a child to church. – To carry; to convey; to deliver to another; to hand over; as, he took the book to the bindery. – To remove; to withdraw; to deduct; — with from; as, to take the breath from one; to take two from four. – In a somewhat passive sense, to receive; to bear; to endure; to acknowledge; to accept. – To accept, as something offered; to receive; not to refuse or reject; to admit. – To receive as something to be eaten or dronk; to partake of; to swallow; as, to take food or wine. – Not to refuse or balk at; to undertake readily; to clear; as, to take a hedge or fence. – To bear without ill humor or resentment; to submit to; to tolerate; to endure; as, to take a joke; he will take an affront from no man. – To admit, as, something presented to the mind; not to dispute; to allow; to accept; to receive in thought; to entertain in opinion; to understand; to interpret; to regard or look upon; to consider; to suppose; as, to take a thing for granted; this I take to be man’s motive; to take men for spies. – To accept the word or offer of; to receive and accept; to bear; to submit to; to enter into agreement with; — used in general senses; as, to take a form or shape. – To take hold; to fix upon anything; to have the natural or intended effect; to accomplish a purpose; as, he was inoculated, but the virus did not take. – To please; to gain reception; to succeed. – To move or direct the course; to resort; to betake one’s self; to proceed; to go; — usually with to; as, the fox, being hard pressed, took to the hedge. – To admit of being pictured, as in a photograph; as, his face does not take well. – That which is taken; especially, the quantity of fish captured at one haul or catch. – The quantity or copy given to a compositor at one time.|
|Thank||A expression of gratitude; an acknowledgment expressive of a sense of favor or kindness received; obligation, claim, or desert, or gratitude; — now generally used in the plural. – To express gratitude to (anyone) for a favor; to make acknowledgments to (anyone) for kindness bestowed; — used also ironically for blame.|
|Them||The objective case of they. See They.|
|Then||At that time (referring to a time specified, either past or future). – Soon afterward, or immediately; next; afterward. – At another time; later; again. – Than. – In that case; in consequence; as a consequence; therefore; for this reason.|
|Think||To seem or appear; — used chiefly in the expressions methinketh or methinks, and methought. – To employ any of the intellectual powers except that of simple perception through the senses; to exercise the higher intellectual faculties. – To call anything to mind; to remember; as, I would have sent the books, but I did not think of it. – To reflect upon any subject; to muse; to meditate; to ponder; to consider; to deliberate. – To form an opinion by reasoning; to judge; to conclude; to believe; as, I think it will rain to-morrow. – To purpose; to intend; to design; to mean. – To presume; to venture. – To conceive; to imagine. – To plan or design; to plot; to compass. – To believe; to consider; to esteem.|
|Walk||To move along on foot; to advance by steps; to go on at a moderate pace; specifically, of two-legged creatures, to proceed at a slower or faster rate, but without running, or lifting one foot entirely before the other touches the ground. – To move or go on the feet for exercise or amusement; to take one’s exercise; to ramble. – To be stirring; to be abroad; to go restlessly about; — said of things or persons expected to remain quiet, as a sleeping person, or the spirit of a dead person; to go about as a somnambulist or a specter. – To be in motion; to act; to move; to wag. – To behave; to pursue a course of life; to conduct one’s self. – To move off; to depart. – To pass through, over, or upon; to traverse; to perambulate; as, to walk the streets. – To cause to walk; to lead, drive, or ride with a slow pace; as to walk one’s horses. – To subject, as cloth or yarn, to the fulling process; to full. – The act of walking, or moving on the feet with a slow pace; advance without running or leaping. – The act of walking for recreation or exercise; as, a morning walk; an evening walk. – Manner of walking; gait; step; as, we often know a person at a distance by his walk. – That in or through which one walks; place or distance walked over; a place for walking; a path or avenue prepared for foot passengers, or for taking air and exercise; way; road; hence, a place or region in which animals may graze; place of wandering; range; as, a sheep walk. – A frequented track; habitual place of action; sphere; as, the walk of the historian. – Conduct; course of action; behavior. – The route or district regularly served by a vender; as, a milkman’s walk.|
|Were||To wear. See 3d Wear. – A weir. See Weir. – To guard; to protect. – The imperfect indicative plural, and imperfect subjunctive singular and plural, of the verb be. See Be. – A man. – A fine for slaying a man; the money value set upon a man’s life; weregild.|
|When||At what time; — used interrogatively. – At what time; at, during, or after the time that; at or just after, the moment that; — used relatively. – While; whereas; although; — used in the manner of a conjunction to introduce a dependent adverbial sentence or clause, having a causal, conditional, or adversative relation to the principal proposition; as, he chose to turn highwayman when he might have continued an honest man; he removed the tree when it was the best in the grounds. – Which time; then; — used elliptically as a noun.|
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